Christian R. Kaiser

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Black holes undergoing accretion are thought to emit the bulk of their power in the X-ray band by releasing the gravitational potential energy of the infalling matter. At the same time, they are capable of producing highly collimated jets of energy and particles flowing out of the system with relativistic velocities. Here we show that the 10-solar-mass(More)
A long-standing problem for models of galaxy formation has been the mismatch between the predicted shape of the mass function of dark matter halos and the observed shape of the luminosity function of galaxies. The number of massive halos is predicted to decrease as a power law (N ∝ M) out to very large masses, while the galaxy luminosity function cuts off(More)
This is the second in a series of papers presenting an analytical model for the evolution of FRII radio sources. In this paper we evaluate the expected radio emission from a radio source incorporating energy loss processes for the relativistic electrons. By combining these results with our earlier dynamical model we calculate evolutionary tracks through the(More)
Hot, X-ray-emitting plasma permeates clusters of galaxies. The X-ray surface brightness often shows a peak near the centre of the cluster that is coincident with a drop in the entropy of the gas. This has been taken as evidence for a 'cooling flow', where the gas cools by radiating away its energy, and then falls to the centre. Searches for this cool gas(More)
In the hard X-ray spectra of some X-ray binaries line features at around 500 keV are detected. We interpret these as arising from pair annihilation in relativistic outflows leading to a significant Doppler shift of the lines’ frequencies. We show how this can be used to accurately determine the bulk velocity and orientation to the line of sight of the(More)
Thermal conduction has been suggested as a possible mechanism by which sufficient energy is supplied to the central regions of galaxy clusters to balance the effect of radiative cooling. Recent high resolution observations of the nearby Virgo cluster make it an ideal subject for an attempt to reproduce the properties of the cluster by numerical simulations,(More)