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—In this paper, we present various channel estimators that exploit the channel sparsity in a multicarrier underwater acoustic system, including subspace algorithms from the array precessing literature, namely root-MUSIC and ESPRIT, and recent compressed sensing algorithms in form of Orthogonal Matching Pursuit (OMP) and Basis Pursuit (BP). Numerical(More)
—Compressive sensing is a topic that has recently gained much attention in the applied mathematics and signal processing communities. It has been applied in various areas, such as imaging, radar, speech recognition, and data acquisition. In communications, compressive sensing is largely accepted for sparse channel estimation and its variants. In this paper(More)
—In decentralized detection, local sensor observations have to be communicated to a fusion center through the wireless medium, inherently a multiple-access channel (MAC). As communication is bandwidth-and energy-constrained, it has been suggested to use the properties of the MAC to combine the sensor observations directly on the channel. Although this leads(More)
— Precise positioning is one attractive application of ultra wideband (UWB) systems. Its enormous bandwidth has generated high expectation on the spatial resolution that it could achieve. However, synchronization in the presence of dense multipath is challenging, since the first arrival is not necessarily the strongest one due to channel fading. It is(More)
—In this paper, we propose a novel method for detection, synchronization and Doppler scale estimation for underwater acoustic communication using orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM) waveforms. This new method involves transmitting two identical OFDM symbols together with a cyclic prefix, while the receiver uses a bank of parallel(More)
—Passive radar is a concept where illuminators of opportunity are used in a multi-static radar setup. New digital signals, like Digital Audio/Video Broadcast (DAB/DVB), are excellent candidates for this scheme, as they are widely available, can be easily decoded to acquire the noise-free signal, and employ orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM).(More)
—To achieve reliable packet transmission over a wireless link without feedback, we propose a layered coding approach that uses error-correction coding within each packet and erasure-correction coding across the packets. This layered approach is also applicable to an end-to-end data transport over a network where a wireless link is the performance(More)
—Multicarrier modulation in the form of orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing (OFDM) has been intensively pursued for underwater acoustic (UWA) communications recently due to its ability to handle long dispersive channels. Fast variation of UWA channels destroys the orthogonality of the sub-carriers and leads to inter-carrier interference (ICI), which(More)
—Passive radar is a concept where possibly multiple non-cooperative illuminators are used in a multi-static setup. A freely available signal, like radio or television, is decoded and used to identify moving airborne targets based on their Doppler shift. New digital signals, like Digital Audio/Video Broadcast (DAB/DVB), are excellent candidates for this(More)