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The phylogenetic pattern and timing of the radiation of Old World deer was determined based on the complete mitochondrial cytochrome b gene from 33 Cervinae taxa. Using rooted and unrooted phylogenies derived from distinct theoretical approaches, strong support was achieved for monophyly of the Old World deer with muntjacs as sister group as well as for the(More)
We report a previously unrecognized complexity to the ecology of rabies in wildlife. Rabies-specific virus-neutralizing antibodies in spotted hyenas, the most numerous large carnivore in the Serengeti ecosystem (Tanzania, East Africa), revealed a high frequency of exposure of 37.0% to rabies virus, and reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR demonstrated rabies RNA(More)
Sturgeon (order Acipenserformes) provide an ideal taxonomic context for examination of genome duplication events. Multiple levels of ploidy exist among these fish. In a novel microsatellite approach, data from 962 fish from 20 sturgeon species were used for analysis of ploidy in sturgeon. Allele numbers in a sample of individuals were assessed at six(More)
The two species of Atlantic sea sturgeon on either shore of the North Atlantic, Acipenser sturio in Europe and A. oxyrinchus in North America, probably diverged with the closure of the Tethys Sea and the onset of the North Atlantic Gyre 15-20 million years ago, and contact between them was then presumably precluded by geographic distance. Here we present(More)
Empirical investigations of intraspecific outbreeding and subsequent introgressive hybridization in natural populations are rare, particularly among conspecific populations of large mammals. Using mitochondrial DNA data [partial control region (496 basepairs - bp) and cytochrome b gene (343 bp) sequences analysed from 95 individuals representing 17 sampling(More)
The taxonomy of the bustards is poorly understood phylogenetically and has not been extensively evaluated using molecular methods. We sequenced part of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene, the control region (central domain II), and an intron-exon crossing fragment of the nuclear chromo-helicase-DNA binding gene (CHD1) in 27 bustard taxa (including multiple(More)
In one population of Scardinius dergle, mitochondrial DNA was observed originating from Squalius tenellus. Scardinius dergle shared all diagnostic morphological characters and similarities at a highly variable nuclear region with the genus Scardinius. While crosses and backcrosses most likely resulted in the loss of morphologically diagnostic(More)
Sex-specific sequence variability of the amelogenin gene had been observed in a variety of mammalian species. In our study, the suitability of the amelogenin gene for sex determination in different species of the family Bovidae was examined. Based on a sequence insertion/deletion characteristic for X- and Y-specific amelogenin (AMELX and AMELY), PCR(More)
The STAT transcription factors form a family of signal transducers and activators of transcription. We sequenced the bovine STAT5B cDNA and both STAT5-encoding genes, STAT5A and STAT5B, representing the first complete description of any STAT5-encoding gene. DNA fiber FISH hybridization revealed that the genes reside only 40 kbp apart on BTA19. Both genes(More)
More than 70 missense mutations have been identified in the human melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R), and many of them have been associated with obesity. In a number of cases, the causal link between mutations in MC4R and obesity is controversially discussed. Here, we mined evolution as an additional source of structural information that may help to evaluate(More)