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The phylogenetic pattern and timing of the radiation of Old World deer was determined based on the complete mitochondrial cytochrome b gene from 33 Cervinae taxa. Using rooted and unrooted phylogenies derived from distinct theoretical approaches, strong support was achieved for monophyly of the Old World deer with muntjacs as sister group as well as for the(More)
We report a previously unrecognized complexity to the ecology of rabies in wildlife. Rabies-specific virus-neutralizing antibodies in spotted hyenas, the most numerous large carnivore in the Serengeti ecosystem (Tanzania, East Africa), revealed a high frequency of exposure of 37.0% to rabies virus, and reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR demonstrated rabies RNA(More)
Sturgeon (order Acipenserformes) provide an ideal taxonomic context for examination of genome duplication events. Multiple levels of ploidy exist among these fish. In a novel microsatellite approach, data from 962 fish from 20 sturgeon species were used for analysis of ploidy in sturgeon. Allele numbers in a sample of individuals were assessed at six(More)
Ovaries were obtained from domestic cats during ovariohysterectomy. Large, preantral follicles were freed by dissection and mechanical crushing, and were cultured in TCM 199 + 10% FCS medium in the presence or absence of hormones (FSH, hydrocortisone and Insulin-Transferrin-Selenite) as well as in hypoxanthine. A decline in growth potential along with(More)
The two species of Atlantic sea sturgeon on either shore of the North Atlantic, Acipenser sturio in Europe and A. oxyrinchus in North America, probably diverged with the closure of the Tethys Sea and the onset of the North Atlantic Gyre 15-20 million years ago, and contact between them was then presumably precluded by geographic distance. Here we present(More)
Recent expansion of highly pathogenic avian infl uenza H5N1: a critical review. In Response: Sengupta et al. (1) discuss the role of ecoregions in the distribution of HPAI (H5N1) outbreaks. Although the concept of ecore-gions is undoubtedly useful in global biogeography, we do not understand the point they are trying to make. In our article (2), which is(More)
A continent-wide survey of sequence variation in mitochondrial (mt) and nuclear (n) DNA of the endangered great bustard (Otis tarda) was conducted to assess the extent of phylogeographic structure in a morphologically monotypic bird. DNA sequence variation in a combined 809 bp segment of the mtDNA genome from 66 individuals from the last six breeding(More)
Empirical investigations of intraspecific outbreeding and subsequent introgressive hybridization in natural populations are rare, particularly among conspecific populations of large mammals. Using mitochondrial DNA data [partial control region (496 basepairs - bp) and cytochrome b gene (343 bp) sequences analysed from 95 individuals representing 17 sampling(More)
The taxonomy of the bustards is poorly understood phylogenetically and has not been extensively evaluated using molecular methods. We sequenced part of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene, the control region (central domain II), and an intron-exon crossing fragment of the nuclear chromo-helicase-DNA binding gene (CHD1) in 27 bustard taxa (including multiple(More)
In one population of Scardinius dergle, mitochondrial DNA was observed originating from Squalius tenellus. Scardinius dergle shared all diagnostic morphological characters and similarities at a highly variable nuclear region with the genus Scardinius. While crosses and backcrosses most likely resulted in the loss of morphologically diagnostic(More)