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1. Purine and pyrimidine compounds were investigated on hamster proximal urethral circular smooth muscle preparations. In situ hybridization studies were carried out to localize P2Y(1), P2Y(2), P2Y(4) and P2Y(6) mRNA. Protein expression was studied using Western blotting analysis with antibodies against P2Y(1) and P2Y(2) receptors. 2. The hamster urethra(More)
Estrogen is known to exert a protective effect against cardiovascular disease. However, women with diabetes have three times the risk as compared with age-matched non-diabetic women. Our previous study on aortic rings of ovariectomized (OVX) female rats treated with 17-beta-estradiol (E2) demonstrated that the beneficial effect of estrogen is related to the(More)
Diabetes is associated with gender-specific macrovascular complications arising from increased oxidant stress in the vascular wall. In this study, male and female rats were treated with two structurally unrelated drugs sharing antioxidant properties, lercanidipine and Leucoselect (both 3 mg/kg/day), for 1 week starting 1 day after streptozotocin-diabetes(More)
The beneficial effects of estrogen on arterial function in women are well established, whereas studies concerning the vascular role of androgens have produced conflicting results. In the present study, we examined the effects of androgen deprivation and of estrogen treatment on vascular responses in male rats. Vascular reactivity was studied in aortic rings(More)
Diabetes provokes a greater responsiveness of rat urinary bladder preparations to bradykinin and a greater formation and release of prostaglandin F2 alpha, without affecting prostaglandin E2 release significantly. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase by indomethacin (1 microM) inhibits the contraction elicited by bradykinin and leads to identical contractile(More)
1. Adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) is known to exert a variety of biological effects via the activation of either ionotropic P2x- or G-protein coupled P2Y-purinoceptor subtypes. In this study the effects induced by ATP and ATP analogues on rat bladder strips were characterized at resting tone and in carbachol-prestimulated tissues. 2. ATP exerted a clear(More)
1. Nitric oxide (NO) is known from previous studies to be the principle transmitter in NANC inhibitory nerves supplying the hamster urethra. However, the identity of the cotransmitter(s) responsible for the responses remaining following block with L-NG-nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME) is not known. 2. Electrical field stimulation (EFS) of circular strips(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports from our group have shown that 17beta-estradiol reduces the synthesis and activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (SMC) in response to inflammatory mediators. In this study, we investigated the effect of 17beta-estradiol on iNOS function in aortic SMC from streptozotocin-diabetic rats.(More)
1. Electrical field stimulation (EFS) of circular strips of hamster proximal urethra caused frequency-dependent relaxations at raised tone. Phentolamine (10(-6) M), propranolol (10(-6) M) and atropine (10(-6) M) were present throughout the experiment. Neurogenic relaxation was attenuated by L-NG-nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (10(-4) M), was restored(More)
Isolated epithelial layer preparations were obtained from urinary bladders of 4-week streptozotocin-diabetic rats and used for endogenous prostaglandins E(2) and F(2alpha) determination. Tissues were incubated in modified Krebs solution under basal conditions, or in the presence of either indomethacin (5x10(-7) M), ATP (10(-5) and 10(-3) M) or bradykinin(More)