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This paper contains a report on a selection of recent research projects carried out at the Institute for Mechanics of Materials and Structures of Vienna University of Technology. The aim of this report is to demonstrate that Computational Mechanics of Materials and Structures is a scientific field with many characteristics of an electronic golem.
The United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and eBusi-ness (UN/CEFACT) standardizes business documents for electronic data interchange. Their approaches towards UN/EDIFACT and XML have later been followed by a conceptual modeling approach called Core Components (CC). Having used this approach for four years in practice, it became evident that the(More)
With the raising significance of electronic commerce and e-government applications the need for standardized business documents has emerged. Today, a business partner seeking to implement a new electronic commerce solution may choose from a multitude of different standards. Most of the standards are domain-specific and thus heterogeneous, since standards(More)
Traditional standards for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), such as EDIFACT and ANSI X12, have been employed in Business-to-Business (B2B) e-commerce for decades. Due to their wide industry coverage and long-standing establishment, they will presumably continue to play an important role for some time. EDI systems are typically not " process-aware " , i.e.,(More)
Inter-organizational relationships (IORs) are important for creating business potential and increasing business performance. The evaluation of IORs is necessary for analyzing the collaboration between businesses as well as for assessing business partners. However, the evaluation of IORs is ambiguous since it is usually measured by success factors, such as(More)
—Exchanging structured business documents is inevitable for successful collaboration in electronic commerce. A prerequisite, for fostering the interoperability between business partners utilizing different business document standards, is a mapping between different standards. However, the effort involved in creating those mappings is hard to estimate. For(More)
Choreography modeling and service integration received a lot of attention in the last decade. However, most real-world implementations of inter-organizational systems are still realized by traditional Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) standards. In traditional EDI standards , the notion of process or choreography is not explicitly specified. Rather, every(More)
Today, there exists a huge variety of business document models for electronic data exchange among business partners used in business-to-business, business-to-government, as well as government-to-government business transactions. Thus, it becomes inevitable to process differing document models in daily business, unless a commonly agreed standard is(More)
Standardized business documents are a prerequisite for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). One predominant standards family are the Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce and Transport (EDIFACT) formats created and maintained by the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business. However, EDIFACT formats are currently(More)