Christian P. Karger

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Uncertainties in image registration may be a significant source of errors in anatomy mapping as well as dose accumulation in radiotherapy. It is, therefore, essential to validate the accuracy of image registration. Here, we propose a method to detect areas where mono modal B-spline registration performs well and to distinguish those from areas of the same(More)
Radiotherapy is a fast-developing discipline which plays a major role in cancer care. Quantitative analysis of radiotherapy data can improve the success of the treatment and support the prediction of outcome. In this paper, we first identify functional, conceptional and general requirements on a software system for quantitative analysis of radiotherapy.(More)
CT, MRI, PET and SPECT provide complementary information for treatment planning in stereotactic radiotherapy. Stereotactic correlation of these images requires commissioning tests to confirm the localization accuracy of each modality. A phantom was developed to measure the accuracy of stereotactic localization for CT, MRI, PET and SPECT in the head and neck(More)
The role of microglial cells in the late delayed reaction following radiotherapy of brain tumors has not been elucidated. To investigate the late delayed response of microglial cells to radiation, we stereotactically irradiated spherical treatment volumes in the right frontal lobe of rat brains. Doses of 20, 30, 40, and 50 Gy were used in combination with(More)
Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) requires breathing information from the patient, and for this, several systems are available. Testing of these systems, under realistic conditions, requires a phantom with a moving target and an expandable outer contour. An anthropomorphic phantom was developed to simulate patient breathing as well as lung tumor(More)
PDGFR-β-expressing cells of the kidneys are considered as a relevant site of erythropoietin (EPO) production. The origin of these cells, their contribution to renal EPO production, and if PDGFR-β-positive cells in other organs are also capable to express EPO are less clear. We addressed these questions in mice, in which hypoxia-inducible transcription(More)
Hypoxia is an important resistance factor in radiotherapy and measuring its spatial distribution in tumors non-invasively is therefore of major importance. This study characterizes the hypoxic conditions of three tumor sublines (AT1, HI and H) of the Dunning R3327 prostate tumor model, which differ in histology, differentiation degree, volume doubling time(More)
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