Christian Ostergaard

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OBJECTIVE For patients in intensive care units, sepsis is a common and potentially deadly complication and prompt initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy improves prognosis. The objective of this trial was to determine whether a strategy of antimicrobial spectrum escalation, guided by daily measurements of the biomarker procalcitonin, could reduce(More)
Plectasin is the first defensin-type antimicrobial peptide isolated from a fungus and has potent activity against gram-positive bacteria. By using an experimental meningitis model, the penetration of plectasin into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of infected and uninfected rabbits and the bactericidal activities in CSF of the plectasin variant NZ2114 and(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator system has been suggested to play a pathophysiological role in brain damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate CSF levels of suPAR in 183 patients clinically suspected of having meningitis on admission. Of these, 54 patients were found to have purulent meningitis, 63 had lymphocytic meningitis, 12 had(More)
Aerococcus sanguinicola is a Gram-positive coccus first described in 2001. Infections in humans are rare but the use of 16S rRNA gene sequencing and improved phenotypic methods has facilitated the identification of A. sanguinicola. We report here 6 cases of A. sanguinicola bacteraemia, 2 of which were associated with infective endocarditis. Most patients(More)
A possible immunomodulatory role of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was investigated in an experimental pneumococcal meningitis model in rabbits. Animals were pretreated with G-CSF (10 micrograms/kg subcutaneously twice a day) starting 48 h before in vivo and ex vivo experiments, causing a five- to six-fold increase in the peripheral leukocyte(More)
The polysaccharide fucoidin is a selectin blocker that inhibits leukocyte recruitment into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during experimental pneumococcal meningitis. In the present study, the effect of fucoidin treatment on the release of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and IL-8 into the CSF was(More)
BACKGROUND A population-based nested case-control study was conducted in order to characterize patient factors and microbial species associated with recurrent bacteraemia. METHODS All patients with bacteraemia in a Danish region during 1996-2006 were investigated. Recurrence was defined based on pathogen identity, site of infection and time frame, and not(More)
Experiments to evaluate the effect of the level and duration of endotoxaemia on the meningeal inflammatory response were performed in order to determine if systemic inflammation alters meningitis. Rabbits received either saline or Escherichia coli O111:B4 lipopolysacharide (LPS) intravenously at various doses (1, 3 or 10 microg) and times (-8, -2 or 0 h)(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To examine the routes, dynamics and correlates of cochlear inflammation in meningitis to provide information on the pathogenesis of the associated hearing loss and indications for rational pharmacotherapeutical intervention. STUDY DESIGN A well-established rat model of Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis was employed. METHODS Eight(More)
YKL40 is secreted by activated macrophages and neutrophils. Elevated serum concentrations of YKL40 are found in patients with diseases characterized by inflammation or ongoing fibrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum YKL-40 levels in patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia and to correlate these levels with clinical findings and(More)