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The dental follicle is an ectomesenchymal tissue surrounding the developing tooth germ. It is believed that this tissue contains stem cells and lineage committed progenitor cells or precursor cells (PCs) for cementoblasts, periodontal ligament cells, and osteoblasts. In this study, we report the isolation of PCs derived from dental follicle of human third(More)
Recently, osteogenic precursor cells were isolated from human dental follicles, which differentiate into cementoblast- or osteoblast- like cells under in vitro conditions. However, mechanisms for osteogenic differentiation are not known in detail. Dental follicle cell long-term cultures supplemented with dexamethasone or with insulin resulted in mineralized(More)
Dental follicle cells (DFCs) can be artificially differentiated into mineralizing cells. With a dexamethasone-based differentiation protocol, transcription factors ZBTB16 and NR4A3 are highly upregulated but Runx2 and other osteogenic marker genes are not. Previous studies have suggested the involvement of a Runx2-independent differentiation pathway. The(More)
This review article arranges the current results of stem cell biology for their use in dentistry. There are different types of stem cells, which are applicable for dental treatments. The use of embryonic stem cells, whose possibilities for breeding an artificial tooth were hardly evaluated, is however ethically precarious. On the other side the ethically(More)
Human dental follicle cells (DFCs) are progenitor cells. Recent studies supposed that osteogenic differentiation of DFCs is controlled by growth factors such as BMP2 and IGF2, but their influence on the differentiation of DFCs has not been investigated in detail. We examined DFCs after the induction of osteogenic differentiation with BMP2, IGF2 and a(More)
The transcription factor DLX3 plays a decisive role in bone development of vertebrates. In neural-crest derived stem cells from the dental follicle (DFCs), DLX3 is differentially expressed during osteogenic differentiation, while other osteogenic transcription factors such as DLX5 or RUNX2 are not highly induced. DLX3 has therefore a decisive role in the(More)
The differentiation of stem cells can be directed by the grade of stiffness of the developed tissue cells. For example a rigid extracellular matrix supports the osteogenic differentiation in bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, less is known about the relation of extracellular matrix stiffness and cell differentiation of(More)
Human dental follicle cells (DFCs) derived from wisdom teeth are precursor cells for cementoblasts. In this study, we recognized that naïve DFCs express constitutively the early neural cell marker beta-III-tubulin. Interestingly, DFCs formed beta-III-tubulin-positive neurosphere-like cell clusters (NLCCs) on low-attachment cell culture dishes in(More)
Adult stem cells are multipotent and can be induced experimentally to differentiate into various cell lineages. Such cells are therefore a key part of achieving the promise of tissue regeneration. The most studied stem cells are those of the hematopoietic and mesenchymal lineages. Recently, mesenchymal stem cells were demonstrated in dental tissues,(More)
OBJECTIVE Dental follicle cells (DFCs) are the genuine precursors of alveolar osteoblasts. Previous studies suggested that collagen I supports the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs. This study investigated the effect of collagen I on the osteogenic differentiation of human DFCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS We modified the cell culture surface with collagen I(More)