Christian N. Paxton

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The inner ear epithelium, with its complex array of sensory, non-sensory, and neuronal cell types necessary for hearing and balance, is derived from a thickened patch of head ectoderm called the otic placode. Mouse embryos lacking both Fgf3 and Fgf10 fail to initiate inner ear development because appropriate patterns of gene expression fail to be specified(More)
To understand the etiology of congenital hearing loss, a comprehensive understanding of the molecular genetic mechanisms underlying normal ear development is required. We are identifying genes involved in otogenesis, with the longer term goal of studying their mechanisms of action, leading to inner ear induction and patterning. Using Agilent microarrays, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Chromosome analysis is the traditional method for detecting genetic abnormalities in products of conception, but it is prone to a high failure rate because of the requirement for cell culture. Molecular genetic tests do not require cell culture, but are either more expensive (e.g. chromosomal microarray) or less sensitive than chromosome analysis(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the types of genetic abnormalities and their prevalence in early pregnancy loss at different developmental stages. We hypothesized that the prevalence of genetic abnormalities in pregnancy loss would differ across developmental stages. METHODS Women with a pregnancy loss at < 20 weeks' gestation (n = 86) were enrolled at the time(More)
CONTEXT Molecular genotyping by analysis of DNA microsatellites, also known as short tandem repeats (STRs), is an established method for diagnosing and classifying hydatidiform mole. Distinction of both complete hydatidiform mole and partial hydatidiform mole from nonmolar specimens is relevant for clinical management owing to differences in risk for(More)
Autosomal trisomy is the most common genetic abnormality observed in pregnancy loss. We designed a panel of mini-short tandem repeats (mini-STRs) for aneuploidy detection in chromosomes 13, 16, 18 and 21 from fresh and formalin fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) samples from products of conception (POC). FFPE POCs with trisomy 13 (n = 6), trisomy 18 (n = 6),(More)
Adult granulosa cell tumors (AGCTs) are a rare class of ovarian tumors with recurrent cytogenetic abnormalities including trisomy 12, trisomy 14, monosomy 16/deletion 16q, and monosomy 22. Over 90% contain a missense point mutation (C134W) in the FOXL2 gene at 3q22.3. The relationship between FOXL2 mutation and cytogenetic abnormalities is unclear, although(More)
Pediatric-type nodal follicular lymphoma (PTNFL) is a variant of follicular lymphoma (FL) characterized by limited-stage presentation and invariably benign behavior despite often high-grade histological appearance. It is important to distinguish PTNFL from typical FL in order to avoid unnecessary treatment; however, this distinction relies solely on(More)
With recent advancements in molecular techniques, the opportunities to gather whole genome information have increased, even in degraded samples such as FFPE tissues. As a result, a broader view of the genomic landscape of solid tumors may be explored. Whole genome copy number and loss of heterozygosity patterns can advance our understanding of mechanisms(More)
Microarray analysis has found tremendous utility in the clinical laboratory testing for detection of copy number changes (CNCs) and loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Recently the OncoScan® array was introduced as a tool for identification of CNCs and LOH in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded oncology samples. The objective of this study was to identify steps in(More)