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Transfer of CD4+ T cells to immune-deficient mice in the absence of the CD25+ subset leads to the development of colitis, indicating that regulatory cells capable of controlling a bacteria-driven inflammatory response are present in normal mice. Cells with this function are present in the thymus as well as in the periphery of germ-free mice, suggesting they(More)
The majority of Crohn's disease patients will develop a complicated disease course over time which is characterized by the occurrence of stricturing and penetrating disease. Penetrating disease comprises internal fistulas (e.g. enteroenteric) and perianal disease. A complicated disease course may be associated with considerable morbidity and professional(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells have been shown to prevent T cell-mediated immune pathology; however, their ability to ameliorate established inflammation has not been tested. Using the CD4(+)CD45RB(high) T cell transfer model of inflammatory bowel disease, we show that CD4(+)CD25(+) but not CD4(+)CD25(-)CD45RB(low) T cells are able to cure intestinal(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells can prevent and resolve intestinal inflammation in the murine T cell transfer model of colitis. Using Foxp3 as a marker of regulatory T cell activity, we now provide a comprehensive analysis of the in vivo distribution of Foxp3+CD4+CD25+ cells in wild-type mice, and during cure of experimental colitis. In both cases,(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells in mice and rats are capable of transferring protection against organ-specific autoimmune disease and colitis and suppressing the proliferation of other T cells after polyclonal stimulation in vitro. Here we describe the existence in humans of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells with the same in vitro characteristics. CD4(+)CD8(-)CD25(+) T cells are(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells play a critical role in the induction and maintenance of peripheral immune tolerance. In experimental transplantation models in which tolerance was induced, donor-specific Treg cells could be identified that were capable of transferring the tolerant state to naive animals. Furthermore, these cells appeared to have(More)
BACKGROUND Safety and economic issues have increasingly raised concerns about the long term use of immunomodulators or biologics as maintenance therapies for Crohn's disease (CD). Despite emerging evidence suggesting that stopping therapy might be an option for low risk patients, criteria identifying target groups for this strategy are missing, and there is(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), comprising Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), continues to present difficulties due to unspecific symptoms and limited test accuracies. We aimed to determine the diagnostic delay (time from first symptoms to IBD diagnosis) and to identify associated risk factors. METHODS A total(More)
CD66a is an adhesion molecule member of the carcinoembryonic antigen immunoglobulin-like family present on the surface of epithelial cells, granulocytes and IL-2 activated T cells. We studied whether CD66a is expressed in vivo by T lymphocytes and whether it affects TCR-mediated activation. CD66a was detected by histochemistry, flow cytometry analysis,(More)