Christian Moretti

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The antimalarial activity of sergeolide (a quassinoid from PICROLEMMA PSEUDOCOFFEA) was investigated both, IN VITRO on PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM cultures and IN VIVO through a classical test of schizontocidal action against PLASMODIUM BERGHEI in mice. Sergeolide showed a very strong antiplasmodial activity IN VITRO as well as IN VIVO. Low concentrations (0.006(More)
The chemical analysis of the compounds present in dichloromethane and ethanolic fractions as well as bioassays enable to understand the differences in the durability of Eperua falcata and Eperua grandiflora. The main distinction between these two species is the acidic subfraction of diterpenoid extract, which is antifungal in Eperua falcata when tested(More)
Eleven known indole alkaloids: vallesine, aspidospermine, 11-methoxydichotine, apparicine, tubotaïwine, vincadifformine, condylocarpine, (-)-rhazinilam, aspidospermatine, haplocidine, and 18-oxohaplocidine, have been isolated from leaves and stems of Vallesia glabra (Cav.) Link. (Apocynaceae) from Bolivia. Analysis of 2 D NMR spectra complete previous 1H(More)
Following the demonstration of the antimalarial effect of the long chain saturated alcohol n-hentriacontanol ((CH2)29CH2OH), isolated from the Bolivian endemic solanaceous plant Cuatresia sp., we have tested the effect of the C18 fatty acids oleic, elaidic, linoleic, and linoleic on malaria parasites. These fatty acids inhibited the parasitemic development(More)
Six pentacyclic triterpenoid saponins, named antoniosides E-J along with two known alkaloids, were isolated from the leaves of Antonia ovata. Their structures were determined by the extensive use of 1D and 2D-NMR experiments along with HRESIMS analysis and acid hydrolysis. All isolated saponins contained the same pentasaccharide chain:(More)
Extracts from leaves and stem bark of Peschiera van heurkii (Muell. Arg.) L. Allorge (syn. Tabernaemontana van heurkii Muell. Arg., Apocynaceae) have been assayed for antileishmanial and antibacterial activities. The activities were concentrated in the alkaloid fractions which yielded 20 indole and bisindole alkaloids. The strongest leishmanicidal and(More)
In an effort to find antimalarial drugs, a systematic in vitro evaluation on a chloroquine-resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (FcB1) was undertaken on sixty plant extracts collected in French Guiana. The methanol extract obtained from the latex of Moronobea coccinea exhibited a strong antiplasmodial activity (95% at 10microg/ml). The phytochemical(More)
In an effort to find antimalarial drugs, a systematic in vitro evaluation on a chloroquine-resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (FcB1) was undertaken on sixty plant extracts collected in French Guiana. The ethyl acetate extract obtained from the root barks of Symphonia globulifera exhibited a strong antiplasmodial activity (97% at 10 microg/ml). The(More)
A new aminosteroid, 3beta-amino-22,26-epiminocholest-5-ene named sarachine (1), and two known flavonoids, eriodictyol (2) and 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-eriodictyol (3), were isolated from the leaves of Saracha punctata. The alkaloid was found to inhibit the growth of Leishmania braziliensis promastigotes (100% at 25 microM) and of Trypanosoma cruzi(More)
Investigation of the leaf extract of Picrolemma pseudocoffea afforded a new antineoplastic quassinoid, 15-deacetylsergeolide (3), and two known quassinoids, isobruceine B (1) and sergeolide (2). The structure of 3, which displayed strong antileukemic activity in the P-388 test system, was established through the interpretation of spectral data and chemical(More)