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Five triterpenoid saponins, caryocarosides II-22 (3), III-22 (4), II-23 (5), III-23 (6), and II-24 (7), have been isolated from the methanol extract of the stem bark of Caryocar villosum, along with two known saponins (1-2). The seven saponins are glucuronides of hederagenin (II) or bayogenin (III). Caryocaroside II-24 (7) is an unusual galloyl ester(More)
The antimalarial activity of sergeolide (a quassinoid from PICROLEMMA PSEUDOCOFFEA) was investigated both, IN VITRO on PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM cultures and IN VIVO through a classical test of schizontocidal action against PLASMODIUM BERGHEI in mice. Sergeolide showed a very strong antiplasmodial activity IN VITRO as well as IN VIVO. Low concentrations (0.006(More)
This paper is the first thorough analysis of takini, a hallucinogen used by the shamans of several peoples in Suriname, French Guiana, and the region east of the Para in Brazil. The drug is contained in the latex of the Brosimum acutifolium tree, and until now, its psychotropic properties appeared inconsistent with the more general medicinal uses of the(More)
Following the demonstration of the antimalarial effect of the long chain saturated alcohol n-hentriacontanol ((CH2)29CH2OH), isolated from the Bolivian endemic solanaceous plant Cuatresia sp., we have tested the effect of the C18 fatty acids oleic, elaidic, linoleic, and linoleic on malaria parasites. These fatty acids inhibited the parasitemic development(More)
In an effort to find antimalarial drugs, a systematic in vitro evaluation on a chloroquine-resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (FcB1) was undertaken on sixty plant extracts collected in French Guiana. The ethyl acetate extract obtained from the root barks of Symphonia globulifera exhibited a strong antiplasmodial activity (97% at 10 microg/ml). The(More)
Two dihydroisocoumarin glucosides have been isolated from the stem bark of Caryocar glabrum (Aubl.) Pers. Their structures and absolute stereochemistry were established on the basis of extensive 1D and 2D NMR, UV, IR, HRESIMS, and CD studies. These compounds represent the first members of a new biogenetic pathway for the isocoumarins nucleus involving(More)
A large number of very-low-birth weight infants are fed formulas containing medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) to enhance fat and calcium absorption. Studies are available on the intestinal absorption of MCT, which is nearly complete, but uncertainties exist on the metabolic fate of octanoic acid, the major component of MCT. Oxidation accounts for(More)
Extracts from leaves and stem bark of Peschiera van heurkii (Muell. Arg.) L. Allorge (syn. Tabernaemontana van heurkii Muell. Arg., Apocynaceae) have been assayed for antileishmanial and antibacterial activities. The activities were concentrated in the alkaloid fractions which yielded 20 indole and bisindole alkaloids. The strongest leishmanicidal and(More)
Two Bolivian Aspidosperma species were investigated. The seed and stem bark of Aspidosperma macrocarpon Mart. contain six known alkaloids: (-)-vincadifformine, ervinceine, kopsanone, kopsinine, kopsanol in the seed, and kopsanone, kopsinine, kopsanol, 18-epikopsanol in the stem bark. The stem bark of Aspidosperma pyrifolium Mart. contains eleven known(More)