Christian Moia

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The costs of walking (Cw) and running (Cr) were measured on 10 runners on a treadmill inclined between -0.45 to +0.45 at different speeds. The minimum Cw was 1.64 +/- 0.50 J. kg(-1). m(-1) at a 1.0 +/- 0.3 m/s speed on the level. It increased on positive slopes, attained 17.33 +/- 1.11 J. kg(-1). m(-1) at +0.45, and was reduced to 0.81 +/- 0.37 J. kg(-1).(More)
Maximal O2 consumption ( $$\dot V_{O_{_2 max} } $$ and energy cost of running per unit distance (C) were determined on the treadmill in 36 male amateur runners (17 to 52 years) who had taken part in a marathon (42.195 km) or semi-marathon (21 km), their performance times varying from 149 to 226 and from 84 to 131 min, respectively. $$\dot V_{O_{_2 max} } $$(More)
1. Endurance athletes (E) undergo a marked reduction of arterial O2 saturation (Sa,O2) at maximal exercise in normoxia, which disappears when they breathe hyperoxic mixtures. In addition, at a given level of hypoxia, the drop in maximal O2 consumption (VO2,max) is positively related to the individual normoxic VO2,max. 2. These data suggest that the curve(More)
A reduction in lower limb cross-sectional area (CSA) occurs after bed rest (BR). This should lead to an equivalent reduction in maximal instantaneous muscular power (W(p)) if the body segments' lengths remain unchanged. W(p) was determined during maximal jumps off both feet on a force platform before and on days 2, 6, 10, 32, and 48 after a 42-day duration(More)
On ten top-level Kenyan marathon runners (KA) plus nine European controls (EC, equivalent to KA), we measured maximal oxygen consumption ( $$ \dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{max}}}} $$ ) and the energy cost of running (C r) on track during training camps at moderate altitude, to better understand the KA dominance in the marathon. At each incremental running(More)
The maximal instantaneous muscle power ( $$\dot w_{i,\max } $$ ) probably reflects the maximal rate of adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis ( $$A\dot TP_{\max } $$ ), a temperature-dependent variable, which gives rise to the hypothesis that temperature, by affecting $$A\dot TP_{\max } $$ , may also influence $$\dot w_{i,\max } $$ . This hypothesis was(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the time course of maximal oxygen consumption VO2(max) changes during bedrests longer than 30 days, on the hypothesis that the decrease in VO2(max) tends to asymptote. On a total of 26 subjects who participated in one of three bedrest campaigns without countermeasures, lasting 14, 42 and 90 days, respectively,(More)
We measured changes in maximal oxygen uptake capacity (VO2max), ventilation, heart rate, plasma lactate and speed at the end of an incremental exercise test as a consequence of a relay foot race from Paris to Dakar in 6 subjects. Additionally, anthropometric measurements were taken and muscle biopsies from M. vastus lateralis were obtained before and after(More)
We tested the hypothesis that vagal withdrawal plays a role in the rapid (phase I) cardiopulmonary response to exercise. To this aim, in five men (24.6+/-3.4 yr, 82.1+/-13.7 kg, maximal aerobic power 330+/-67 W), we determined beat-by-beat cardiac output (Q), oxygen delivery (QaO2), and breath-by-breath lung oxygen uptake (VO2) at light exercise (50 and 100(More)
Maximal VO2 on the treadmill (VO2max) and on the bicycle ergometer (VO2peak), maximal cardiac output (Qmax), by a CO2 rebreathing method, maximal heart rate (HRmax), blood hemoglobin concentration (Hb), and hematocrit (Hct) were measured on six subjects before (B) and 3 weeks after (A) prolonged exposure to chronic hypoxia. It was observed that after(More)