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A high-speed panoramic visual stimulation device is introduced which is suitable to analyse visual interneurons during stimulation with rapid image displacements as experienced by fast moving animals. The responses of an identified motion sensitive neuron in the visual system of the blowfly to behaviourally generated image sequences are very complex and(More)
Our nervous system can efficiently recognize objects in spite of changes in contextual variables such as perspective or lighting conditions. Several lines of research have proposed that this ability for invariant recognition is learned by exploiting the fact that object identities typically vary more slowly in time than contextual variables or noise. Here,(More)
Sensing is often implicitly assumed to be the passive acquisition of information. However, part of the sensory information is generated actively when animals move. For instance, humans shift their gaze actively in a sequence of saccades towards interesting locations in a scene. Likewise, many insects shift their gaze by saccadic turns of body and head,(More)
This randomised double blind prospective study compared the effective intravascular volume expansion and maintenance, with two types of starches following induced haemorrhagic hypovolaemia. Twenty healthy male volunteers aged between 18 and 65 year were bled 10% of their total blood volume in fully monitored conditions and under the supervision of a trained(More)
Graphene exhibits unconventional two-dimensional electronic properties resulting from the symmetry of its quasiparticles, which leads to the concepts of pseudospin and electronic chirality. Here, we report that scanning tunneling microscopy can be used to probe these unique symmetry properties at the nanometer scale. They are reflected in the quantum(More)
OBJECTIVES The mechanical properties of light cured dental composites are greatly influenced by the light curing unit (LCU) used for the polymerization. Previous studies have shown that for some composites lower mechanical properties were obtained if light emitting diode (LED) LCUs were used for the polymerization instead of halogen LCUs. Previous studies(More)
In a zero-dimensional superconductor, quantum size effects (QSE) not only set the limit to superconductivity, but are also at the heart of new phenomena such as shell effects, which have been predicted to result in large enhancements of the superconducting energy gap. Here, we experimentally demonstrate these QSE through measurements on single, isolated Pb(More)
Recently, several platforms for arranging credit mediation between borrowers and lenders without usage of a financial intermediary have emerged. Social lending has attracted the interest of researchers who analyzed the behavior of borrowers and lenders on these platforms. The authors examine the impact of pre-made text modules and usage of peer groups on(More)
All rights, including translation into other languages reserved by the publisher. No part of this journal may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means without written permission from the publisher, except for noncommercial, educational use including classroom teaching purposes. Product or company names used in this journal are for identifi cation(More)
The initial and permanent effects of leisure noise (toy pistols, rock music) compared to broadband noise were examined in 68 guinea pigs. Auditory threshold shifts at 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 und 16 kHz were registered before and immediately after exposure as well as on days 1, 2, 3, 5,7 and 21 post-exposure using the auditory brain stem response (ABR)(More)
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