Christian Merrill

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Fibroblasts can condense a hydrated collagen lattice to a tissue-like structure 1/28th the area of the starting gel in 24 hr. The rate of the process can be regulated by varying the protein content of the lattice, the cell number, or the concentration of an inhibitor such as Colcemid. Fibroblasts of high population doubling level propagated in vitro, which(More)
A living-skin equivalent useful as a skin replacement and as a model system for basic studies has been fabricated and tested extensively. It consists of two components: (1) a dermal equivalent made up of fibroblasts in a collagen matrix that is contracted and modified by the resident cells, and (2) an epidermis that develops from keratinocytes "plated" on(More)
We have developed a living skin equivalent, which serves as a skin substitute in experimental animals. On application it is rapidly vascularized, it inhibits wound contraction, and it is immunologically tolerated and persists for as long as it is allowed to remain in place. It comes to resemble normal skin, although it lacks secondary derivatives, the cells(More)
While IMR 90 and AG 1519 fibroblasts of low and high population doubling levels grow to confluency when plated on plastic surfaces, they cease to divide within four days when incorporated into collagen lattices. Growth inhibition in the lattices is not due to exhaustion of the medium or isotope, or to contact inhibition; nor is it due to impermeability of(More)
Incubation of unfixed and unfrozen slices of normal human skin allows visualization of a peroxidase activity associated with the perinuclear envelope and with the endoplasmic reticulum of resident dermal macrophages, dermal mastocytes, and also of some dermal fibroblasts. No peroxidase activity can be detected in fibroblasts cultivated in monolayer, while(More)
Collagen biosynthesis by fibroblasts and subsequent processing and polymerization have been studied in conventional monolayer cultures and in a new model system in vitro in which cells organize into a tissue like structure. While the bulk of the newly made collagen becomes tightly and selectively bound to the matrix of the tissue equivalent model, in(More)
We have examined the hypothesis that diploid cells grown in vitro age, and propose that only proliferative potential and not life-span is telescoped. We suggest that explanted or transplanted diploid cells are driven to divide by the process of subculturing in vitro or in vivo and, in response to this pressure, also complete their differentiation and become(More)
Air pollution is a critical factor in the development and exacerbation of pulmonary diseases. Ozone, automobile exhaust, cigarette smoke, and metallic dust are among the potentially harmful pollution components that are linked to disease progression. Transition metals, such as cobalt, have been identified at significant levels in air pollution. Cobalt(More)