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The best method to measure right (RV) and left (LV) ventricle volumes of patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot is considered cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). However, to date, no standard protocol to measure RV volumes by CMR exists. RV volumes can be measured from a stack of short-axis slices or a stack of axial slices through the patient's chest.(More)
The serpin antithrombin III (AT III) is reported to have hemostasis-regulating and anti-inflammatory properties. To determine its ability to influence thrombin-independent leukocyte responses, the direct effects of the AT III concentrate Kybernin P and a monoclonal antibody-purified AT III on neutrophil migration were studied. Chemotactic activity of human(More)
At inflammatory sites, leukocytes may confront multiple, competing chemoattractive signals. We compared the chemotactic potencies of several sensory neuropeptides with regard to signal transduction pathways in eosinophils. Eosinophils were enriched using magnetic cell sorting and migration was assayed in a Boyden microchemotaxis chamber. We found(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are highly motile and play a key role in mediating immune responses in various tissues and lymphatic organs. We investigated locomotion of mononuclear cell-derived DC at different maturation stages toward gradients of sensory neuropeptides in vitro. Calcitonin gene-related peptide, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, secretin, and(More)
AIMS We compared flow and wall shear stress (WSS) patterns in the ascending aorta of individuals with either bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) or tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) using four-dimensional cardiovascular magnetic resonance (4D-CMR). BAV are known to be associated with dilation and dissection of the ascending aorta. However, the cause of vessel disease in(More)
The revival of thalidomide began shortly after the drug was withdrawn from the market because of its teratogenic properties. Therapeutic effects of thalidomide were found accidentally in leprosy patients with erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). Subsequent research widened the understanding of the activity of thalidomide, and with improved methodology and the(More)
Statins are thought to play a role in directly affecting immune and mesenchymal cells. Since cerivastatin's pleiotropic effects are poorly investigated, we were interested to find out whether this drug can modulate leukocyte and vessel wall cell functions. Leukocyte migration was tested in modified Boyden microchemotaxis chambers and oxygen radical(More)
Propanolol and metoprolol exert adrenoceptor-independent effects including scavenging of free radicals and inhibition of protein kinase C leading to inhibition of leukocyte migration and radical release as a consequence. Whether topically used metipranolol and timolol exert such effects is unknown. Neutrophil chemotaxis was tested using modified Boyden(More)
The molecular activity of thalidomide comprises a wide range of mechanisms. Alteration of cytokine synthesis and release may be as important as changes in lymphocyte trafficking and leukocyte migration. Since endothelial cells play an important role in leukocyte extravasation and maintenance of inflammatory processes in the affected tissue,(More)