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— While there have been tremendous efforts to develop the architecture and protocols to support advanced Internet-based services over 3G and 4G networks, IMS is far from being deployed in a wide scale manner. Effort to create an operator controlled signaling infrastructure using IP-based protocols has resulted in a large number of functional components and(More)
— The major trend in next-generation or 4G wireless networks (NGWN/4G) is the coexistence of diverse but complementary architectures and wireless access technologies. In this context, an appropriate integration and interworking of existing wireless networks are crucial to allow seamless roaming across those networks. Several integrated architectures have(More)