Christian M. Richard

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PURPOSE We sought to determine the prevalence of psychiatric illness in hospitalized patients with end-stage renal disease. We also examined the association between end-stage renal disease treatment modality and risk of hospitalization with a diagnosis of a mental disorder, and compared rates of hospitalization with a diagnosis of psychiatric illness in(More)
The effect of a concurrent auditory task on visual search was investigated using an image-flicker technique. Participants were undergraduate university students with normal or corrected-to-normal vision who searched for changes in images of driving scenes that involved either driving-related (e.g., traffic light) or driving-unrelated (e.g., mailbox) scene(More)
Six location-cuing experiments were conducted to examine the goal-driven control of attentional capture in multiple-cue displays. In most of the experiments, the cue display consisted of the simultaneous presentation of a red direct cue that was highly predictive of the target location (the unique cue) and three gray direct cues (the standard cues) that(More)
Inhibition-of-return is the process by which visual search for an object positioned among others is biased toward novel rather than previously inspected items. It is thought to occur automatically and to increase search efficiency. We examined this phenomenon by studying the facilitative and inhibitory effects of location cueing on target-detection response(More)
Three location-cuing experiments were conducted in order to examine the stimulus-driven control of attentional capture in multiple-cue displays. These displays consisted of one to four simultaneously presented direct location cues. The results indicated that direct location cuing can produce cue effects that are mediated, in part, by nonattentional(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the health insurance status of the US foreign-born population and the influence of race, ethnicity, and length of residence on health insurance status. METHODS Data were obtained from the 1989 and 1990 National Health Interview Surveys, including the Insurance and Family Resource Supplements. RESULTS In 1989 and 1990, the(More)
Inhibition-of-return is thought to be a visual search phenomenon characterized by delayed responses to targets presented at recently cued or recently fixated locations. We studied this inhibition effect following the simultaneous presentation of multiple location cues. The results indicated that response inhibition can be associated with as many as four(More)
A series of closed-course driving experiments were conducted in which 41 drivers ranging in age from 19 to 70 were put through a series of increasingly challenging driving performance tasks both in the presence and absence of audible messages. The messages required specific responses and these, along with driving performance measures based on driver/vehicle(More)
During the final phases of chronic renal disease, inpatient care comprises an enormous share of morbidity and direct medical costs. Using an attributable risk methodology, this study calculated inpatient resource utilization and associated costs for chronic renal failure (CRF) and ESRD. A national hospital survey was used to identify the 348,962(More)
High plasma fibrinogen appears to be an important risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. The aim of our study was to measure fibrinogen and fibrin degradation products (D-dimer), interleukin-6 tissue plasminogen activator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator in the plasma and arterial walls of 45 patients(More)