Christian Loppacher

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An analytical model of the electrostatic force between the tip of a non-contact Atomic Force Microscope (nc-AFM) and the (001) surface of an ionic crystal is reported. The model is able to account for the atomic contrast of the local contact potential difference (CPD) observed while nc-AFM-based Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (KPFM) experiments. With the(More)
The effect of molecular orientation at metal contacts on interface properties was determined by examining the local work function of porphyrin on atomically smooth graphite. The orientation was varied by self-assembly from the vapor phase, and the local potential was quantified by Kelvin force microscopy (scanning surface potential microscopy). When the(More)
A numerical analysis of the origin of the atomic-scale contrast in Kelvin probe force microscopy is presented. Atomistic simulations of the tip-sample interaction force field have been combined with a noncontact atomic force microscope simulator including a Kelvin module. The implementation mimics recent experimental results on the (001) surface of a bulk(More)
We investigated the adsorption of 4-methoxy-4'-(3-sulfonatopropyl)stilbazolium (MSPS) on different ionic (001) crystal surfaces by means of noncontact atomic force microscopy. MSPS is a zwitterionic molecule with a strong electric dipole moment. When deposited onto the substrates at room temperature, MSPS diffuses to step edges and defect sites and forms(More)
We discuss the influence of short-range electrostatic forces, so called dipolar forces, between the tip of an atomic force microscope (AFM) and a surface carrying charged adatoms. Dipolar forces are of microscopic character and have their origin in the polarizability of the foremost atoms on tip and surface. In most experiments performed by non-contact AFM,(More)
The self-assembly of benzene diboronic acid molecules on KCl(001) is investigated at room temperature by means of non-contact Atomic Force Microscopy. When depositing the molecules on the freshly cleaved surface, the molecules self-assemble into an extended twodimensional supramolecular phase driven by H-bonds. Theoretical calculations based on Density(More)
The influence of short-range electrostatic forces on the measured local contact potential difference (CPD) by means of amplitude-modulation and frequency-modulation Kelvin probe force microscopy (AM- and FM-KPFM) is discussed on the base of numerical and analytical descriptions of both methods. The goal of this work is to help in interpreting recent(More)
In this work we investigate the growth of tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminium (Alq(3)) on single-crystal Ag(111) substrates partially covered by an ultrathin KBr film. Noncontact atomic force microscopy is used to determine the molecular ordering of 0.8 monolayer Alq(3) evaporated onto these substrates. The simultaneous measurement of the local surface(More)
The idealized system of an atomically flat metallic surface [highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG)] and an organic monolayer (porphyrin) was used to determine whether the dielectric function and associated properties of thin films can be accessed with scanning–near-field scanning optical microscopy (s-NSOM). Here, we demonstrate the use of harmonics up(More)
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