Christian Leinz

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We present the upGREAT THz heterodyne arrays for far-infrared astronomy. The low-frequency array (LFA) is designed to cover the 1.9-2.5 THz range using 2 × 7-pixel waveguide-based HEB mixer arrays in a dual polarization configuration. The high-frequency array (HFA) will perform observations of the [OI] line at ~ 4.745 THz using a 7-pixel waveguide-(More)
This paper describes the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far-Infrared (HIFI), to be launched onboard of ESA's Herschel Space Observatory, by 2008. It includes the first results from the instrument level tests. The instrument is designed to be electronically tuneable over a wide and continuous frequency range in the Far Infrared, with velocity resolutions(More)
This letter reports on our recent improvements in photomixing technology for the realization of a photonic local oscillator (LO) at 1.05 THz for the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX) radio telescope. Experiments with state-of-the-art photomixers, operated at room temperature and in cryogenic environment demonstrate successful operation of an astronomical(More)
Far Infrared Astronomy is one of the last explored fields in astronomy. Several bolometer cameras have already been developed with several hundred or more pixels and there is rapid progress in this area, however high resolution spectroscopy using heterodyne receivers have still not reached that level of maturity. Indeed, until now, only single pixel or(More)
We report on the design and on-site performance of the recently upgraded FLASH <sup>+</sup> instrument operated at the APEX telescope in the Chilean Atacama desert in 5100 m altitude. The dual-channel receiver allows parallel observations in the atmospheric submillimeter windows between 268 and 516 GHz. A signal of in total 16 GHz is processed(More)
Aims. We identify a prominent absorption feature at 1115 GHz, detected in first HIFI spectra towards high-mass star-forming regions, and interpret its astrophysical origin. Methods. The characteristic hyperfine pattern of the H2O ground-state rotational transition, and the lack of other known low-energy transitions in this frequency range, identifies the(More)
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