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Differential regulation of gene expression is essential for cell fate specification in metazoans. Characterizing the transcriptional activity of gene promoters, in time and in space, is therefore a critical step toward understanding complex biological systems. Here we present an in vivo spatiotemporal analysis for approximately 900 predicted C. elegans(More)
The advent of systems biology necessitates the cloning of nearly entire sets of protein-encoding open reading frames (ORFs), or ORFeomes, to allow functional studies of the corresponding proteomes. Here, we describe the generation of a first version of the human ORFeome using a newly improved Gateway recombinational cloning approach. Using the Mammalian(More)
Here we show that segregation of homologous chromosomes and that of sister chromatids are differentially regulated in Xenopus and possibly in other higher eukaryotes. Upon hormonal stimulation, Xenopus oocytes microinjected with antibodies against the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) activator Fizzy or the APC core subunit Cdc27, or with the checkpoint(More)
We investigated the effects of 4 wk of hypodynamia on the rate of lactate transport in skeletal muscle sarcolemmal vesicles from control and hindlimb-suspended rats. Characterization of the sarcolemmal preparations was achieved with a marker enzyme (K+-p-nitrophenylphosphatase) and measurement of 1 mM [U-14C]lactate transport activity under zero-trans(More)
Apart from the retroviral gag, pol and env the HIV genome contains the F (3' orf) gene which encodes a polypeptide of 206 amino acids which is myristylated at the N-terminal and whose function is unknown. We have expressed the F gene in Escherichia coli and from a recombinant vaccinia virus, VVTGfHIV. The F-protein produced in VVTGfHIV-infected mammalian(More)
At the G(2)/M transition of the cell cycle, the cdc25c phosphatase dephosphorylates inhibitory residues of cdc2, and cyclin-B-cdc2 kinase (MPF) is activated. Phosphorylation of cyclin B1 induces its nuclear accumulation, and, since cdc25c is also believed to accumulate and activate shortly before G(2)/M in the nucleus, it has been proposed that this induces(More)
In striatal neurons in primary culture quisqualate potently stimulated the formation of inositol phosphates via a metabotropic receptor we recently termed Qp in order to distinguish it from the classical ionotropic quisqualate receptor termed Qi. Here we show that 10 microM of quisqualate activated in a rapid and transient manner protein kinase C as(More)
Inositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (InsP3) brought about cortical granule exocytosis and elevation of a fertilization membrane, due to a rapid increase of free calcium in cytoplasm, when injected into oocytes of the amphibian Xenopus laevis arrested at second meiotic metaphase. The same result was observed when injection was performed into oocytes of the starfish(More)