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Differential regulation of gene expression is essential for cell fate specification in metazoans. Characterizing the transcriptional activity of gene promoters, in time and in space, is therefore a critical step toward understanding complex biological systems. Here we present an in vivo spatiotemporal analysis for approximately 900 predicted C. elegans(More)
The advent of systems biology necessitates the cloning of nearly entire sets of protein-encoding open reading frames (ORFs), or ORFeomes, to allow functional studies of the corresponding proteomes. Here, we describe the generation of a first version of the human ORFeome using a newly improved Gateway recombinational cloning approach. Using the Mammalian(More)
Here we show that segregation of homologous chromosomes and that of sister chromatids are differentially regulated in Xenopus and possibly in other higher eukaryotes. Upon hormonal stimulation, Xenopus oocytes microinjected with antibodies against the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) activator Fizzy or the APC core subunit Cdc27, or with the checkpoint(More)
Maitotoxin, a potent marine toxin extracted from peredinians, was found to mimic fertilization in Xenopus oocytes and to trigger the breakdown of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2, the precursor of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate], an increase of intracellular pCa and the cortical reaction, including the exocytosis of cortical granules and a(More)
Retinoic acid, a derivative of vitamin A, is shown to inhibit the levels of inositol phosphates and diacylglycerol by 25-30% when added to intact HL-60 cells at concentrations which induce differentiation. The onset of inhibition occurs after 10 min and reaches a maximum at 45 min. To study the mechanism and the site of action of retinoic acid, the activity(More)
Apart from the retroviral gag, pol and env the HIV genome contains the F (3' orf) gene which encodes a polypeptide of 206 amino acids which is myristylated at the N-terminal and whose function is unknown. We have expressed the F gene in Escherichia coli and from a recombinant vaccinia virus, VVTGfHIV. The F-protein produced in VVTGfHIV-infected mammalian(More)
Calcium-accumulating vesicles were isolated by differential centrifugation of sonicated platelets. Such vesicles exhibit a (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase activity of about 10 nmol (min . mg)-1 and an ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake of about 10 nmol (min . mg)-1. When incubated in the presence of Mg[gamma-32P]ATP, the pump is phosphorylated and the acyl phosphate bond is(More)