Christian Le Peuch

Learn More
Differential regulation of gene expression is essential for cell fate specification in metazoans. Characterizing the transcriptional activity of gene promoters, in time and in space, is therefore a critical step toward understanding complex biological systems. Here we present an in vivo spatiotemporal analysis for approximately 900 predicted C. elegans(More)
Here we show that segregation of homologous chromosomes and that of sister chromatids are differentially regulated in Xenopus and possibly in other higher eukaryotes. Upon hormonal stimulation, Xenopus oocytes microinjected with antibodies against the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) activator Fizzy or the APC core subunit Cdc27, or with the checkpoint(More)
The advent of systems biology necessitates the cloning of nearly entire sets of protein-encoding open reading frames (ORFs), or ORFeomes, to allow functional studies of the corresponding proteomes. Here, we describe the generation of a first version of the human ORFeome using a newly improved Gateway recombinational cloning approach. Using the Mammalian(More)
At the G(2)/M transition of the cell cycle, the cdc25c phosphatase dephosphorylates inhibitory residues of cdc2, and cyclin-B-cdc2 kinase (MPF) is activated. Phosphorylation of cyclin B1 induces its nuclear accumulation, and, since cdc25c is also believed to accumulate and activate shortly before G(2)/M in the nucleus, it has been proposed that this induces(More)
Apart from the retroviral gag, pol and env the HIV genome contains the F (3' orf) gene which encodes a polypeptide of 206 amino acids which is myristylated at the N-terminal and whose function is unknown. We have expressed the F gene in Escherichia coli and from a recombinant vaccinia virus, VVTGfHIV. The F-protein produced in VVTGfHIV-infected mammalian(More)
In striatal neurons in primary culture quisqualate potently stimulated the formation of inositol phosphates via a metabotropic receptor we recently termed Qp in order to distinguish it from the classical ionotropic quisqualate receptor termed Qi. Here we show that 10 microM of quisqualate activated in a rapid and transient manner protein kinase C as(More)
Maitotoxin, a potent marine toxin extracted from peredinians, was found to mimic fertilization in Xenopus oocytes and to trigger the breakdown of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2, the precursor of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate], an increase of intracellular pCa and the cortical reaction, including the exocytosis of cortical granules and a(More)
Retinoic acid, a derivative of vitamin A, is shown to inhibit the levels of inositol phosphates and diacylglycerol by 25-30% when added to intact HL-60 cells at concentrations which induce differentiation. The onset of inhibition occurs after 10 min and reaches a maximum at 45 min. To study the mechanism and the site of action of retinoic acid, the activity(More)
Maitotoxin, a potent marine toxin isolated from toxic tropical dinoflagellates and poisonous fishes induces contraction of different smooth muscle preparations. Actions of maitotoxin on phosphoinositides and calcium metabolism were studied using a primary culture of aortic smooth muscle cells. Maitotoxin induced a very large increase of cytosolic calcium(More)