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Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia is a severe disease affecting goats in Eastern Africa and the Middle East, caused by Mycoplasma sp. type F38. Its exact geographical distribution is however not exactly known due to the lack of specificity of the available serological tests and the difficulty in cultivating M. sp. F38. A panel of monoclonal antibodies(More)
A competitive ELISA, using a specific monoclonal antibody, was designed to detect antibodies to Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC, the agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. One monoclonal antibody was found suitable for such a test, '117/5', it does not cross-react with any of the other mycoplasma species tested, furthermore, its binding is(More)
Sheep-pox and capripox are contagious diseases of domestic small ruminants for which the causal agent is a poxvirus classified into the Capripoxvirus genus. Viruses of this group have a host range specific to sheep, goats, cattle, and possibly buffalo. Thus, they are clearly indicated as vectors for the development of recombinant vaccines for peste des(More)
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious animal disease caused by a virus in the genus Morbillivirus, family Paramyxoviridae. This infection is responsible for high morbidity and mortality in sheep and goats and in some small wild ruminant species. The huge number of small ruminants, which are reared in the endemic areas makes PPR a serious(More)
While it is easy to diagnose contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in an animal in the acute clinical stage, subacute and chronic forms are more difficult to diagnose. Recourse to laboratory tests is essential to confirm any suspicion of CBPP. As standard diagnostic procedures (isolation, culture, biochemical tests, serological tests) are lacking in(More)
The genus Capripoxvirus within the family Poxviridae comprises three closely related viruses, namely goat pox, sheep pox and lumpy skin disease viruses. This nomenclature is based on the animal species from which the virus was first isolated, respectively, goat, sheep and cattle. Since capripoxviruses are serologically identical, their specific(More)
Four groups of cattle were experimentally immunised by four mycoplasma species of "mycoides-like" group, Mycoplasma (M) capricolum, M. mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC), M. mycoides subsp. capri and M. species group 7 of LEACH (PG50). They were then bled weekly during 2 months to establish antibodies kinetics against homologous and heterologous antigens. The(More)
The relation between occupational exposure to cattle and prevalence of antibodies against Pasteurella multocida was evaluated in 680 workers. Three groups of exposed workers in abattoirs and slaughterhouses (S), in industrial breeding (I), and in traditional breeding (T) were compared with control workers not exposed to cattle or chicken (C). The prevalence(More)
The contagious pleuropneumonia syndrome is easily reproduced in goats, using cultures and lung lesion homogeneizate, given by endobronchial inoculation and by aerosol. The latter route causes hyperacure evolution, with septicaemia, multiple and disseminated lesions and death within three days following the onset of clinical signs. The same strains seem to(More)