Christian L Olin

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Topical (local) cooling of the heart is a valuable adjunct to cold cardioplegia, particularly to crystalloid cardioplegia and to cardioplegia in patients with long aortic cross-clamping times. The topical cooling not only enhances myocardial hypothermia but also prevents the heart from being rewarmed by coronary collaterals and by heat transmission from(More)
BACKGROUND Patients suffering from chronic isolated aortic regurgitation have a less favorable outcome than patients with aortic stenosis. According to international recommendations, these patients should undergo surgery as soon as left ventricular function begins to deteriorate, that is, surgery is not to be postponed until clinical symptoms become(More)
Previously reported methods for the correction of tricuspid atresia involve the use of conduits and/or valves. Since many of the younger patients will outgrow their conduits and the long-term durability of the valve prostheses is open to question, we have devised an operation in which the right atrial (RA) appendage is anastomosed to the right ventricle(More)
To evaluate the clinical performance of the Björk-Shiley Monostrut prosthesis, five centers combined their early experience. Between May, 1982, and June, 1985, 537 prostheses were implanted in 486 patients at these centers: 246 patients had aortic valve replacement (AVR), 163 underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR), and 47 had double-valve replacement(More)
Cardiac metabolism following hypothermic potassium cardioplegia with blood as cardioplegia vehicle was studied in two groups of patients undergoing aortic valve replacement. In 15 patients, blood was given as single dose infusion (single dose group) and in 18 patients the same initial bolus was followed by a continuous perfusion (25-30 ml/min) with modified(More)
A new autotransfusion system was evaluated postoperatively in six patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass surgery. A hollow fiber hemofilter was integrated in the system, making it possible to concentrate the shed blood. The device functioned well, 825 ml diluted mediastinal drainage blood with a hematocrit of 23 was concentrated to a volume of 475 ml with(More)
In this study of 31 patients with coronary bypass surgery, we used flow cytometry to compare heparin-coated and noncoated cardiopulmonary bypass systems on leukocyte activation. We found significant differences between the groups during bypass, with activation of the complement system, measured as elevated levels of C3a desArg, upregulation of granulocyte(More)
The Björk-Shiley tilting disc valve was used for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in 250 consecutive patients between 1977 and 1982. One hundred and ninety-six patients had isolated AVR, and 54 had combined procedures (double- or triple-valve replacement in 31, associated coronary artery bypass grafting in 20, and miscellaneous procedures in 3). A special(More)
The postoperative serum activity of creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) was studied in 25 patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement (Björk-Shiley prosthesis). Hypothermia at 30 degrees C and selective coronary perfusion (CP) were used for myocardial protection. Repeated electrocardiograms revealed no signs of perioperative myocardial(More)