Christian Löw

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Maintenance of cellular protein homeostasis (proteostasis) depends on a complex network of molecular chaperones, proteases and other regulatory factors. Proteostasis deficiency develops during normal aging and predisposes individuals for many diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders. Here we describe sensor proteins for the comparative measurement of(More)
Here we present two structures of the major facilitator (MFS) xylose transporter XylE from Escherichia coli in inward open and partially occluded inward open conformations. These structures provide key information about the transport cycle of XylE and the closely related human GLUT transporters. This is, to our knowledge, the first MFS transporter structure(More)
When exposed to proteotoxic environmental conditions, mammalian cells activate the cytosolic stress response in order to restore protein homeostasis. A key feature of this response is the heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1)-dependent expression of molecular chaperones. Here, we describe the results of an RNA interference screen in HeLa cells to(More)
Members of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS) of transport proteins are essential for the movement of a wide range of substrates across biomembranes. As this transport requires a series of conformational changes, structures of MFS transporters captured in different conformational states are needed to decipher the transport mechanism. Recently, a large(More)
Short-chain peptides are transported across membranes through promiscuous proton-dependent oligopeptide transporters (POTs)--a subfamily of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS). The human POTs, PEPT1 and PEPT2, are also involved in the absorption of various drugs in the gut as well as transport to target cells. Here, we present a structure of an(More)
Peptide transporters of the PepT family have key roles in the transport of di- and tripeptides across membranes as well as in the absorption of orally administered drugs in the small intestine. We have determined structures of a PepT transporter from Shewanella oneidensis (PepT(So2)) in complex with three different peptides. The peptides bind in a large(More)
Cold shock proteins (CSP) belong to the family of single-stranded nucleic acid binding proteins with OB-fold. CSP are believed to function as 'RNA chaperones' and during anti-termination. We determined the solution structure of Bs-CspB bound to the single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) fragment heptathymidine (dT7) by NMR spectroscopy. Bs-CspB reveals an almost(More)
Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs-homology (BAR) domains generate and sense membrane curvature by binding the negatively charged membrane to their positively charged concave surfaces. N-BAR domains contain an N-terminal extension (helix-0) predicted to form an amphipathic helix upon membrane binding. We determined the NMR structure and nano-to-picosecond dynamics of(More)
The Escherichia coli peptide binding protein OppA is an essential component of the oligopeptide transporter Opp. Based on studies on its orthologue from Salmonella typhimurium, it has been proposed that OppA binds peptides between two and five amino acids long, with no apparent sequence selectivity. Here, we studied peptide binding to E. coli OppA directly(More)
XylE is a major facilitator (MFS) xylose transporter, which is homologous to the mammalian glucose transporters (GLUT family). We have previously reported the structure of XylE in fully inward open and partially occluded inward open conformations in space groups P61 and C2, respectively. Here we present the crystallization of a third crystal form, P212121(More)