Christian Kuffer

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Polyploidy, an increased number of chromosome sets, is a surprisingly common phenomenon in nature, particularly in plants and fungi. In humans, polyploidy often occurs in specific tissues as part of terminal differentiation. Changes in ploidy can also result from pathophysiological events that are caused by viral-induced cell fusion or erroneous cell(More)
Up to 80% of human cancers, in particular solid tumors, contain cells with abnormal chromosomal numbers, or aneuploidy, which is often linked with marked chromosomal instability. Whereas in some tumors the aneuploidy occurs by missegregation of one or a few chromosomes, aneuploidy can also arise during proliferation of inherently unstable tetraploid cells(More)
Erroneously arising tetraploid mammalian cells are chromosomally instable and may facilitate cell transformation. An increasing body of evidence shows that the propagation of mammalian tetraploid cells is limited by a p53-dependent arrest. The trigger of this arrest has not been identified so far. Here we show by live cell imaging of tetraploid cells(More)
Myocardin related transcription factors A and B (MRTFs) activate serum response factor-driven transcription in response to Rho signaling and changes in actin dynamics. Myocardin and MRTFs have been implicated in anti-proliferative effects on a range of cell types. The precise mechanisms, however, remained elusive. We employed double knockdown of MRTF-A and(More)
Sister chromatids are held together by the ring-shaped cohesin complex, which likely entraps both DNA-double strands in its middle. This tie is resolved in anaphase when separase, a giant protease, becomes active and cleaves the kleisin subunit of cohesin. Premature activation of separase and, hence, chromosome missegregation are prevented by at least two(More)
Orientation of the division axis can determine cell fate in the presence of morphogenetic gradients. Understanding how mitotic cells integrate directional cues is therefore an important question in embryogenesis. Here, we investigate the effect of dynamic shear forces on confined mitotic cells. We found that human epithelial cells (hTERT-RPE1) as well as(More)
Several salts (alkali, Pd(NH(3))(3), and (i)PrNH(2)) of 5-cyanoiminotetrazoline (C(2)N(6)(2-), 5-cyanoiminotetrazolinediide, CIT) were investigated. A full characterization by means of X-ray, Raman, NMR techniques, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis is presented for the (i)()PrNH(2) (4), Cs (5), and Pd(NH(3))(3) (6) salts. The CIT dianion represents(More)
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