The problem of determining if the on-line chromatic number of a graph is less than or equal to k, given a pre-coloring, is shown to be PSPACE-complete.
The advice complexity of an online problem is a measure of how much knowledge of the future an online algorithm needs in order to achieve a certain competitive ratio. We determine the advice complexity of a number of hard online problems including independent set, vertex cover, dominating set and several others. These problems are hard, since a single wrong… (More)
Several well-studied graph problems aim to select a largest (or smallest) induced subgraph with a given property of the input graph. Examples include maximum independent set, maximum planar graph, maximum clique, minimum feedback vertex set, and many others. In online versions of these problems, the vertices of the graph are presented in an adversarial… (More)
The advice complexity of an online problem is a measure of how much knowledge of the future an online algorithm needs in order to achieve a certain competitive ratio. Using advice complexity, we define the first online complexity class, AOC. The class includes independent set, vertex cover, dominating set, and several others as complete problems.… (More)
Recently, the first online complexity class, AOC, was introduced. The class consists of many online problems where each request must be either accepted or rejected, and the aim is to either minimize or maximize the number of accepted requests, while maintaining a feasible solution. All AOC-complete problems (including Independent Set, Vertex Cover,… (More)
Online algorithms with advice is an area of research where one attempts to measure how much knowledge of the future is necessary to achieve a given competitive ratio. The lower bound results give robust bounds on what is possible using semi-online algorithms. On the other hand, when the advice is of an obtainable form, algorithms using advice can lead to… (More)
An unexpected difference between online and offline algorithms is observed. The natural greedy algorithms are shown to be worst case online optimal for Online Independent Set and Online Vertex Cover on graphs with " enough " isolated vertices, Freckle Graphs. For Online Dominating Set, the greedy algorithm is shown to be worst case online optimal on graphs… (More)