Christian Kremser

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OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND Routine MRI as well as MR volumetry and MRS have been shown to contribute to the differential diagnosis of the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and PD. However, it is currently unknown whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) discriminates these disorders. METHODS Ten patients with MSA-P (mean age, 64 years)(More)
Sex differences in mental rotation tasks, favoring men, have been noted in behavioral studies and functional imaging studies. In the present study ten female and ten male volunteers underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging in a conventional block design. Regions of activation were detected after performance of a mental rotation task inside the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) present with atypical parkinsonism, which may be misdiagnosed as PD, particularly in early disease stages. It was previously shown that diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) is a sensitive tool to discriminate MSA-P from PD based on increased(More)
PURPOSE The aim of our study was to correlate perfusion indices and apparent diffusion coefficients with therapy outcome after chemoradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS In 34 patients with primary rectal carcinoma (cT3) undergoing preoperative chemoradiation, pretherapeutic perfusion indices and apparent diffusion coefficients were obtained by dynamic or(More)
Both dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) binding single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with [123I]iodobenzamide (IBZM) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) have been shown to contribute to the differential diagnosis of patients with the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to compare these two(More)
We have recently shown that diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (DWI) discriminates patients with the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) from those with Parkinson's disease (PD) by regional apparent diffusion coefficients (rADC) in the putamen. Because rADCs measured in one direction may underestimate diffusion-related(More)
Sex differences in executive speech tasks, favoring women, have been noted in behavioral studies and functional imaging studies. In the present study ten female and ten male volunteers underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging in a conventional block design. All subjects were selected on the basis of high performance on the verbal fluency task.(More)
Activation time (AT) imaging from electrocardiographic (ECG) mapping data has been developing for several years. By coupling ECG mapping and three-dimensional (3-D) + time anatomical data, the electrical excitation sequence can be imaged completely noninvasively in the human heart. In this paper, a bidomain theory-based surface heart model AT imaging(More)
OBJECTIVE Memory impairment has been well documented in schizophrenia. In a previous study, the authors investigated patterns of brain activity during episodic encoding and recognition of words in remitted, stable schizophrenia outpatients being treated with novel antipsychotics. The same procedure was used in this study to investigate unmedicated patients(More)
Months, days of the week, and numbers differ from other verbal concepts because they are ordered in a sequence, whereas no order is imposed on members of other categories, such as animals or tools. Recent studies suggest that numbers activate a representation of their quantity within the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) automatically, that is, in tasks that do(More)