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The following study describes the discovery of a new inherited metabolic disorder, dolichol kinase (DK1) deficiency. DK1 is responsible for the final step of the de novo biosynthesis of dolichol phosphate. Dolichol phosphate is involved in several glycosylation reactions, such as N-glycosylation, glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis, and(More)
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a rare premature aging disorder normally caused by a spontaneous heterozygous mutation in the LMNA gene that codes for the nuclear lamina protein lamin A. Several enzymes are involved in the processing of its precursor, prelamin A, to the mature lamin A. A functional knockout of one of the enzymes involved in(More)
This study describes the discovery of a new inherited disorder of glycosylation named "CDG-Ik." CDG-Ik (congenital disorder of glycoslyation type Ik) is based on a defect of human mannosyltransferase I (MT-I [MIM 605907]), an enzyme necessary for the elongation of dolichol-linked chitobiose during N-glycan biosynthesis. Mutations in semiconserved regions in(More)
We describe a new congenital disorder of glycosylation, CDG-If. The patient has severe psychomotor retardation, seizures, failure to thrive, dry skin and scaling with erythroderma, and impaired vision. CDG-If is caused by a defect in the gene MPDU1, the human homologue of hamster Lec35, and is the first disorder to affect the use, rather than the(More)
For treatment of congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ia (CDG-Ia) membrane-permeant derivatives of mannose-1-phosphate are required. Employing biologically cleavable phosphate protecting groups advantageous precursor derivatives could be synthesized following a facile approach. Their enzymatic cleavages using esterase from porcine liver (E.C. 3.1.1.1)(More)
Dolichol phosphate is a lipid carrier embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane essential for the synthesis of N-glycans, GPI-anchors and protein C- and O-mannosylation. The availability of dolichol phosphate on the cytosolic site of the ER is rate-limiting for N-glycosylation. The abundance of dolichol phosphate is influenced by its de novo(More)
Congenital disorder of glycosylation type Id is an inherited glycosylation disorder based on a defect of the first mannosyltransferase involved in N-glycan biosynthesis inside the endoplasmic reticulum. Only one patient with this disease has been described until now. In this article, a second patient and an affected fetus are described. The patient showed(More)
UNLABELLED Congenital dyserythropoetic anemia type II (CDA II) is characterized by bi- and multinucleated erythroblasts and an impaired N-glycosylation of erythrocyte membrane proteins. Several enzyme defects have been proposed to cause CDA II based on the investigation of erythrocyte membrane glycans pinpointing to defects of early Golgi processing steps.(More)
A defect of the dolichyl-P-Man:Man5GlcNAc2-PP-dolichyl mannosyltransferase encoded by the ALG3 gene (alias NOT56L) causes congenital disorder of glycosylation type Id (CDG-Id). In this work, a new mutation in the ALG3 gene causing atypical splicing is described with characterization of expression levels and transcript stabilities of the different splice(More)
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