Christian Kleist

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We have generated a large complex library of single chain antibodies based on four individual libraries from each of 50 donors. DNA coding for the heavy and light chain variable domains of the IgM and IgG repertoires was amplified by PCR using two different sets of primers. Each individual library was composed of approximately 1-5x10(7) independent clones(More)
Treatment of autoimmune diseases remains a challenge for immunological research. An ideal therapy should inhibit the immune reaction against the diseased organ and leave the rest of the immune response intact. Our previous studies showed that donor-derived dendritic cells (DCs) treated in vitro with mitomycin C (MMC) suppress rat heart allograft rejection(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was identification of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2-restricted T-cell epitopes within the HM1.24 antigen as target for multiple myeloma (MM)-directed specific peptide-based immunotherapy. METHODS The HM1.24 sequence was scanned for immunogenic peptides using the HLA-binding prediction software SYFPEITHI and BIMAS.(More)
Heat shock proteins such as gp96 (grp94) isolated from tumor or infected cells are able to induce specific cytotoxic T-cell responses and protective immunity. To facilitate rapid and efficient isolation, we generated gp96-specific recombinant single-chain Fv (scFv) antibodies from a semisynthetic phage display library. When immobilized on Sepharose beads,(More)
In previous studies we described a natural human IgG-anti-F(ab')2 autoantibody family with immunoregulatory properties. Genes coding for the variable regions of the heavy and light chains of the Abs were isolated from a natural Ig gene library and scFv Abs were expressed in E. coli. The scFv Abs bound to F(ab')2 but not to Fab fragments. This points to an(More)
A patient undergoing allogeneic hand transplantation needs lifelong immunosuppression with the risk of serious side effects, including life-threatening disease. The question remains: does the eventual improvement in function justify the risk? To answer this question, we try to assess the risks based on a large body of cumulative data derived from more(More)
The most important antigen-presenting cells are dendritic cells (DCs), which play a central role in the initiation of immunity and tolerance. Their immunoregulatory properties offer the potential of donor-specific control of graft rejection after organ transplantation. It has not been clarified which DC subpopulations mediate tolerance, and the use of(More)
We showed previously that dendritic cells (DCs) treated with mitomycin C (MMC) tolerize allogeneic T cells in vitro and this might be mediated by downregulation of CD80, CD86, and ICAM-1. Here we analyze the suppression of the T-cell response induced by MMC-DCs in vivo. Rats injected with allogeneic DCs developed a strong lymph node reaction, whereas(More)
Our previous studies in rats showed that incubation of monocytic dendritic cells (DCs) with the chemotherapeutic drug mitomycin C (MMC) renders the cells immunosuppressive. Donor-derived MMC-DCs injected into the recipient prior to transplantation prolonged heart allograft survival. Although the generation of DCs is labour-intensive and time-consuming,(More)
Previous animal studies showed that donor-derived blood cells treated with mitomycin C (MMC) prolong allograft survival when injected into recipients. This model was effective with whole blood, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) (monocytes being the active cell subpopulation) or dendritic cells. In view of a potential clinical application, we study(More)