Christian Karlsen

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The Norwegian aquaculture of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) is hampered by ulcerative disorders associated with bacterial infections. Chronic ulceration may provide microenvironments that disturb the normal microbial biodiversity of external surfaces. Studying the composition of microbial communities in skin ulcers will enhance our understanding of ulcer(More)
Functional and structural studies require gene overexpression and purification of soluble proteins. We wanted to express proteins from the psychrophilic bacterium Vibrio salmonicida in Escherichia coli, but encountered solubility problems. To improve the solubility of the proteins, we compared the effects of six N-terminal fusion proteins (Gb1, Z,(More)
Two species of bacteria are repeatedly isolated from farmed fish with winter-ulcer disease. Moritella viscosa is the aetiological agent of the disease; the significance of Aliivibrio wodanis is uncertain but has not been related to the primary pathogenesis. A cell culture infection model showed that A. wodanis adhered to, but did not invade the fish cells.(More)
The success of several Vibrio species, including Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio anguillarum and Vibrio fischeri in colonizing their symbiont, or causing infection is linked to flagella-based motility. It is during early colonization or the initial phase of infection that motility appears to be critical. In this study we used Vibrio salmonicida, a psychrophilic and(More)
The marine Arctic isolate Halomonas sp. R5-57 was sequenced as part of a bioprospecting project which aims to discover novel enzymes and organisms from low-temperature environments, with potential uses in biotechnological applications. Phenotypically, Halomonas sp. R5-57 exhibits high salt tolerance over a wide range of temperatures and has extra-cellular(More)
Aliivibrio wodanis and Moritella viscosa have often been isolated concurrently from fish with winter-ulcer disease. Little is known about the interaction between the two bacterial species and how the presence of one bacterial species affects the behaviour of the other. The impact on bacterial growth in co-culture was investigated in vitro, and the presence(More)
This study presents the heterologous production and purification of a soluble and functional form of the hemagglutinin esterase (HE) of the infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) isolate 4 (Glesvaer/2/90). The HE possesses receptor binding and receptor destroying enzyme (RDE) activity and is probably involved in the infection process. The recombinant HE(More)
Moritella viscosa is considered the main causative agent of winter ulcer disease in salmonid fish. In order to obtain more details on route of infection, we challenged Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) epidermal keratocytes with M. viscosa and performed an Atlantic salmon immersion challenge. Although keratocytes were able to remove M. viscosa from surfaces,(More)
Moritella viscosa is the aetiological agent of winter-ulcer disease in farmed salmonids in the North Atlantic. Previously, two major (typical and variant) genetic clades have been demonstrated within this bacterial species, one of which is almost solely related to disease in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). In the present study infection trials demonstrated(More)
Aliivibrio salmonicida is the aetiological agent of cold water vibriosis affecting farmed fish species, a disease that today is fully controlled by vaccination. However, the molecular mechanisms behind the successful vaccine are largely unknown. In order to gain insight into the possible mechanisms of A. salmonicida vaccines, we report here the profiles of(More)