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Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a dominantly inherited congenital malformation disorder, caused by mutations in the cohesin-loading protein NIPBL for nearly 60% of individuals with classical CdLS, and by mutations in the core cohesin components SMC1A (~5%) and SMC3 (<1%) for a smaller fraction of probands. In humans, the multisubunit complex cohesin is(More)
The genome of the African murine rodent Nannomys setulosus was found to harbor several thousand major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I genes instead of the 30–40 genes found in conventional laboratory mice, which are mostly of Mus musculus domesticus origin. Other genes of N. setulosus, either functionally or physically linked to class I genes, are(More)
Sufficient mouse H-2 and human HLA class I gene sequences have become available to make a statistical analysis of nucleotide variations within the multigene families possible. In the H-2 and HLA families, a group of four H-2K allelic sequences and three HLA-A sequences were compared with a group of four non-H-2 and three non-HLA-A sequences, respectively.(More)
We describe here the role of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) in sister chromatid cohesion and the deacetylation of histone H3 Lys 4 (H3K4) at the centromere. HDAC3 knockdown induced spindle assembly checkpoint activation and sister chromatid dissociation. The depletion of Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) or Aurora B restored cohesion in HDAC3-depleted cells. HDAC3(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI) are powerful antiproliferative drugs, and are currently undergoing clinical trials as antitumor agents. It would be valuable for both cancer therapy and our knowledge of basic cellular processes to understand the mechanisms by which HDACIs block cell proliferation. Most current models postulate that HDACIs allow the(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) are a promising new class of anticancer drugs. However, their mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated. Most studies have investigated the effect of HDACIs on the regulation of gene transcription. HDAC inhibition also leads to genomic instability by a variety of mechanisms. This phenomenon, which has been(More)
Bloom's syndrome (BS) is a rare human autosomal recessive disorder characterized by an increased risk to develop cancer of all types. BS cells are characterized by a generalized genetic instability including a high level of sister chromatid exchanges. BS arises through mutations in both alleles of the BLM gene which encodes a 3' - 5' DNA helicase identified(More)
Human copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) participates in the control of reactive oxygen intermediate intracellular concentration. In this study, we show that phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) increases Cu,Zn-SOD mRNA expression within 30 min. The sequence between nucleotides -71 and -29 is essential for both basal and PMA-induced gene(More)
We investigated the transcriptional regulation of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) gene in human lymphoblastoid B cells and report that a high inducibility of CYP1A1 gene transcription by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin is associated with glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) null genotype, whereas the presence of at least one GSTM1 allele is correlated with(More)
Bloom syndrome (BS) is a rare human autosomal recessive disorder characterized by marked genetic instability associated with greatly increased predisposition to a wide range of cancers affecting the general population. BS arises through mutations in both copies of the BLM gene which encodes a 3'-5' DNA helicase identified as a member of the RecQ family.(More)