Christian J. Leumann

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Tricyclo (tc)-DNA belongs to the class of conformationally constrained DNA analogs that show enhanced binding properties to DNA and RNA. We prepared tc-oligonucleotides up to 17 nt in length, and evaluated their binding efficiency and selectivity towards complementary RNA, their biological stability in serum, their RNase H inducing potential and their(More)
We report the evaluation of 20-, 18-, 16- and 14-mer phosphorothioate (PS)-modified tricycloDNA (tcDNA) gapmer antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) in T(m), cell culture and animal experiments and compare them to their gap-matched 20-mer 2'-O-methoxyethyl (MOE) and 14-mer 2',4'-constrained ethyl (cEt) counterparts. The sequence-matched 20-mer tcDNA and MOE(More)
Mainly driven by the needs of antisense research, a large number of oligonucleotide analogues have been prepared and evaluated over the last 15 years. Besides minor structural modifications of the building blocks of DNA and RNA itself, a considerable effort has been devoted to the de novo design of nucleoside analogues with improved binding properties. A(More)
We describe the synthesis of an abasic RNA phosphoramidite carrying a photocleavable 1-(2-nitrophenyl)ethyl (NPE) group at the anomeric center and a triisopropylsilyloxymethyl (TOM) group as 2'-O-protecting group together with the analogous DNA and the 2'-OMe RNA abasic building blocks. These units were incorporated into RNA-, 2'-OMe-RNA- and DNA for the(More)
The nuclear antisense properties of a series of tricyclo (tc)-DNA oligonucleotide 9-15mers, targeted against the 3' and 5' splice sites of exon 4 of cyclophilin A (CyPA) pre-mRNA, were evaluated in HeLa cells and compared with those of corresponding LNA-oligonucleotides. While the 9mers showed no significant antisense effect, the 11-15mers induced exon 4(More)
Molecular beacons (MBs) are stem-loop DNA probes used for identifying and reporting the presence and localization of nucleic acid targets in vitro and in vivo via target-dependent dequenching of fluorescence. A drawback of conventional MB design is present in the stem sequence that is necessary to keep the MBs in a closed conformation in the absence of a(More)
A series of oligodeoxyribonucleotides and oligoribonucleotides containing single and multiple tricyclo(tc)-nucleosides in various arrangements were prepared and the thermal and thermodynamic transition profiles of duplexes with complementary DNA and RNA evaluated. Tc-residues aligned in a non-continuous fashion in an RNA strand significantly decrease(More)
The biological effect of oxidatively damaged RNA, unlike oxidatively damaged DNA, has rarely been investigated, although it poses a threat to any living cell. Here we report on the effect of the commonly known RNA base-lesions 8-oxo-rG, 8-oxo-rA, ε-rC, ε-rA, 5-HO-rC, 5-HO-rU and the RNA abasic site (rAS) on ribosomal translation. To this end we have(More)
The high binding affinity and specificity of antibodies for a wide range of ligands has recently been exploited in the generation of catalysts for acyl-transfer reactions, carbon-carbon bond forming and carbon-carbon bond cleaving reactions. In addition, a number of strategies are emerging for the generation of catalytic antibodies including transition(More)
The synthesis of a caged RNA phosphoramidite building block containing the oxidatively damaged base 5-hydroxycytidine (5-HOrC) has been accomplished. To determine the effect of this highly mutagenic lesion on complementary base recognition and coding properties, this building block was incorporated into a 12-mer oligoribonucleotide for T(m) and CD(More)