Christian J. Leumann

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Tricyclo (tc)-DNA belongs to the class of conformationally constrained DNA analogs that show enhanced binding properties to DNA and RNA. We prepared tc-oligonucleotides up to 17 nt in length, and evaluated their binding efficiency and selectivity towards complementary RNA, their biological stability in serum, their RNase H inducing potential and their(More)
DNA triple-helix-based approaches to control and modulate cellular functions on the level of genomic DNA (antigene technology) suffered in the past from a stepmother-like treatment in comparison to the flourishing field of oligonucleotide-based control of translation (antisense technology). This was mostly due to lack of affinity of triplex-forming(More)
To investigate the influence of the pyrimidine 2-keto group on selection of nucleotides for incorporation into DNA by polymerases, we have prepared two C nucleoside triphosphates that are analogues of dCTP and dTTP, namely 2-amino-5-(2'-deoxy-beta-d-ribofuranosyl)pyridine-5'-triphosphate (d*CTP) and 5-(2'-deoxy-(More)
Three 2'-phenanthrenyl-C-deoxyribonucleosides with donor (phenNH(2)), acceptor (phenNO(2)), or no (phenH) substitution on the phenanthrenyl core were synthesized and incorporated into oligodeoxyribonucleotides. Duplexes containing either one or three consecutive phenR residues, which were located opposite each other, were formed. Within these residues, the(More)
Triplex-forming oligodeoxynucleotide 15mers, designed to bind in the antiparallel triple-helical binding motif, containing single substitutions (Z) of the four isomeric alphaN(7)-, betaN(7)-, alphaN(9)- and betaN(9)-2-aminopurine (ap)-deoxyribonucleosides were prepared. Their association with double-stranded DNA targets containing all four natural base(More)
We describe the synthesis of an abasic RNA phosphoramidite carrying a photocleavable 1-(2-nitrophenyl)ethyl (NPE) group at the anomeric center and a triisopropylsilyloxymethyl (TOM) group as 2'-O-protecting group together with the analogous DNA and the 2'-OMe RNA abasic building blocks. These units were incorporated into RNA-, 2'-OMe-RNA- and DNA for the(More)
Mainly driven by the needs of antisense research, a large number of oligonucleotide analogues have been prepared and evaluated over the last 15 years. Besides minor structural modifications of the building blocks of DNA and RNA itself, a considerable effort has been devoted to the de novo design of nucleoside analogues with improved binding properties. A(More)
While much is known about abasic DNA, the biological impact of abasic RNA is largely unexplored. To test the mutagenic potential of this RNA lesion in the context of retroviruses, we synthesized a 31-mer oligoribonucleotide containing an abasic (rAS) site and used it as a template for studying DNA primer extension by HIV-1, avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV)(More)
The fragmentation of electrospray-generated multiply deprotonated RNA and mixed-sequence RNA/DNA pentanucleotides upon low-energy collision-induced dissociation (CID) in a hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer was investigated. The goal of unambiguous sequence identification of mixed-sequence RNA/DNA oligonucleotides requires detailed(More)
Tricyclo-DNA belongs to the family of conformationally restricted oligodeoxynucleotide analogues. It differs structurally from DNA by an additional ethylene bridge between the centers C(3') and C(5') of the nucleosides, to which a cyclopropane unit is fused for further enhancement of structural rigidity. The synthesis of the hitherto unknown(More)