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Tricyclo-DNA belongs to the family of conformationally restricted oligodeoxynucleotide analogues. It differs structurally from DNA by an additional ethylene bridge between the centers C(3') and C(5') of the nucleosides, to which a cyclopropane unit is fused for further enhancement of structural rigidity. The synthesis of the hitherto unknown(More)
Tricyclo (tc)-DNA belongs to the class of conformationally constrained DNA analogs that show enhanced binding properties to DNA and RNA. We prepared tc-oligonucleotides up to 17 nt in length, and evaluated their binding efficiency and selectivity towards complementary RNA, their biological stability in serum, their RNase H inducing potential and their(More)
The synthesis of the ribo(bc-rT)- and arabino(bc-araT)-version of bicyclothymidine (bc-dT) has been achieved. A conformational analysis by X-ray and/or (1)H NMR spectroscopy on the corresponding 3',5'-benzyl-protected nucleosides featured a rigid C(2')-endo conformation for the furanose ring, irrespective of the configuration of the OH group at C(2'). The(More)
There have been several reports describing elevation of oxidized RNA in ageing or age-related diseases, however RNA oxidation has been assessed solely based on 8-hydroxy-guanosine levels. In this study, Aldehyde Reactive Probe (ARP), which was originally developed to detect DNA abasic sites, was used to assess RNA oxidation. It was found that ARP reacted(More)
The biological effect of oxidatively damaged RNA, unlike oxidatively damaged DNA, has rarely been investigated, although it poses a threat to any living cell. Here we report on the effect of the commonly known RNA base-lesions 8-oxo-rG, 8-oxo-rA, ε-rC, ε-rA, 5-HO-rC, 5-HO-rU and the RNA abasic site (rAS) on ribosomal translation. To this end we have(More)
Emerging evidence has shown that oxidation of RNA, including messenger RNA (mRNA), is elevated in several age-related diseases, although investigation of oxidized levels of individual RNA species has been limited. Recently we reported that an aldehyde reactive probe (ARP) quantitatively reacts with oxidatively modified depurinated/depyrimidinated (abasic)(More)
A series of sequences of the DNA analog bicyclo-DNA, 6-12 nucleotides in length and containing all four natural nucleobases, were prepared and their Watson-Crick pairing properties with complementary RNA and DNA, as well as in its own series, were analyzed by UV-melting curves and CD-spectroscopy. The results can be summarized as follows: bicyclo-DNA forms(More)
To investigate the influence of the pyrimidine 2-keto group on selection of nucleotides for incorporation into DNA by polymerases, we have prepared two C nucleoside triphosphates that are analogues of dCTP and dTTP, namely 2-amino-5-(2'-deoxy-beta-d-ribofuranosyl)pyridine-5'-triphosphate (d*CTP) and 5-(2'-deoxy-(More)
Mainly driven by the needs of antisense research, a large number of oligonucleotide analogues have been prepared and evaluated over the last 15 years. Besides minor structural modifications of the building blocks of DNA and RNA itself, a considerable effort has been devoted to the de novo design of nucleoside analogues with improved binding properties. A(More)
We report the evaluation of 20-, 18-, 16- and 14-mer phosphorothioate (PS)-modified tricycloDNA (tcDNA) gapmer antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) in T(m), cell culture and animal experiments and compare them to their gap-matched 20-mer 2'-O-methoxyethyl (MOE) and 14-mer 2',4'-constrained ethyl (cEt) counterparts. The sequence-matched 20-mer tcDNA and MOE(More)