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The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) represents a crucial event during cancer progression and dissemination. EMT is the conversion of carcinoma cells from an epithelial to a mesenchymal phenotype that associates with a higher cell motility as well as enhanced chemoresistance and cancer stemness. Notably, EMT has been increasingly recognized as an(More)
Uptake and metabolism of silicon by diatoms are studied by the combined use of solid-state 29Si NMR spectroscopy and confocal laser fluorescence microscopy especially with respect to the presence and nature of an intracellular silicon-storage pool. Cells of the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana were synchronized by silicon starvation and frozen without(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common form of liver cancer and the third most lethal cancer worldwide. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) describes the transformation of well-differentiated epithelial cells to a de-differentiated phenotype and plays a central role in the invasion and intrahepatic metastasis of HCC cells. Modulation(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigates the impact of an automated image guided patient setup correction on the dose distribution for ten patients with in-field IMRT re-irradiation of vertebral metastases. METHODS 10 patients with spinal column metastases who had previously been treated with 3D-conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) were simulated to have an in-field(More)
Biomineralization, which means the formation of inorganic materials by biological processes, currently finds increasing research interest. It involves the synthesis of calcium-based minerals such as bones and teeth in vertebrates, and of shells. Silica biomineralization occurs, for example, in diatoms and silica sponges. Usually, biominerals are made up of(More)
BACKGROUND Regional citrate anticoagulation or saline flushes are often used in haemodialysis patients at high risk of bleeding. In an alternative approach we evaluated the effects of covalent circuit coating with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for intermittent haemodialysis. METHODS In vitro, we compared the thrombogenicity of an uncoated(More)
The interaction between the histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein HPr and xenon atoms in solution is studied in the present paper. Wild-type HPr as well as the exchange mutant I14A have been studied. Specific binding of xenon into an engineered cavity created via the exchange of amino acid residue I14 by alanine could be shown using 1H-15N(More)
Methods and results for commissioning of the complete VMAT delivery chain are presented for the combination of Nucletron's Oncentra MasterPlan® v3.3 with Elekta's Mosaiq® v1.6 and SynergyS® linac. VMAT specific linac commissioning included determination of the size of the minimal dynamic leaf gap. Dosimetric validation of the complete treatment chain was(More)
The highly siliceous cell walls of diatoms are probably the most outstanding examples of nanostructured materials in nature. Previous in vitro experiments have shown that the biomolecules found in the cell walls of diatoms, namely polyamines and silaffins, are capable of catalysing the formation of silica nanospheres from silicic/oligosilicic acid(More)
Diatoms have continued to attract research interest over a long time. One important reason for this research interest is the amazingly beautiful microstructured and nanostructured patterning of the silica-based diatom cell walls. These materials become increasingly important from the materials science point of view. However, many aspects of diatom cell wall(More)