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Congestive heart failure is a leading cause of mortality in developed countries. Myocardial hypertrophy resulting from hypertension often precedes heart failure. Understanding the signaling underlying cardiac hypertrophy and failure is of major interest. Here, we identified Fas receptor activation, a classical death signal causing apoptosis via activation(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory response of the arterial wall to injury. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a cytokine with potent inflammatory functions, was thus considered to be important in atherosclerotic lesion evolution. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the presence and distribution of MIF immunoreactivity (MIF-IR) and(More)
Chemical crosslinking in combination with mass spectrometry has matured into an alternative approach to derive low-resolution structural information of proteins and protein complexes. Yet, one of the major drawbacks of this strategy remains the lack of software that is able to handle the large MS datasets that are created after chemical crosslinking and(More)
Calmodulin serves as a calcium-dependent regulator in many metabolic pathways and is known to bind with high affinity to various target proteins and peptides. One such target is the small peptide melittin, the principal component of honeybee venom. The calmodulin-melittin system was used as a model system to gain further insight into target recognition of(More)
The CCR4-NOT complex is the main enzyme catalyzing the deadenylation of mRNA. We have investigated the composition of this complex in Drosophila melanogaster by immunoprecipitation with a monoclonal antibody directed against NOT1. The CCR4, CAF1 (=POP2), NOT1, NOT2, NOT3, and CAF40 subunits were associated in a stable complex, but NOT4 was not. Factors(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB) cells reportedly accumulate wild-type p53 exclusively in the cytoplasm. However, immunofluorescence assays with five different antibodies showed that p53 accumulates in the nucleus of up to 10% of NB cells. PAb1801 detected cytoplasmic 'punctate structures' which were also found in p53-null cells, rendering this antibody unsuitable for(More)
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is essential for neovascularization. Here we show that the impaired neovascularization in mice lacking eNOS is related to a defect in progenitor cell mobilization. Mice deficient in eNOS (Nos3(-/-)) show reduced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and(More)
PURPOSE To compare the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with that of positron emission tomography (PET) with 2-[fluorine 18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) for detecting metastatic lymph nodes in patients with cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Before radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy in 35 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether the caspase-3 inhibitor Ac-DEVD-CHO functionally improves stunned myocardium. BACKGROUND Degradation of troponin I contributes to the pathogenesis of myocardial stunning, whereas the role of apoptosis is unknown. Caspase-3 is an essential apoptotic protease that is specifically inhibited by(More)
BACKGROUND On the basis of our concept that atherosclerosis has an immunopathological background, we tested whether activation of the innate immune system influences its progression. METHODS AND RESULTS Hypercholesterolemic (0.5% wt/wt diet) rabbits received either repeated intravenous injections of endotoxin (Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide 1.25 to(More)