Christian Horst Wetzel

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Here, we provide the first evidence for functional expression of a human olfactory receptor protein (OR17-40) and show that recombinant olfactory receptors can be functionally expressed in heterologous systems. A mixture of 100 different odorants (Henkel 100) elicited a transient increase in intracellular [Ca(2+)] in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293)(More)
Although it has been known for some time that olfactory receptors (ORs) reside in spermatozoa, the function of these ORs is unknown. Here, we identified, cloned, and functionally expressed a previously undescribed human testicular OR, hOR17-4. With the use of ratiofluorometric imaging, Ca2+ signals were induced by a small subset of applied chemical stimuli,(More)
Sensory neurons of the vomeronasal organ (VNO) detect volatile chemicals that are released by conspecific animals and convey information about social and reproductive behavior. The signal transduction pathway in vomeronasal receptor neurons (VRNs) is not known in detail, but is believed to be distinct from that of the sensory neurons of the main olfactory(More)
Members of the superfamily of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are proposed to play important roles in sensory physiology. As an excitatory ion channel TRPA1 is robustly activated by pungent irritants in mustard and garlic and is suggested to mediate the inflammatory actions of environmental irritants and proalgesic agents. Here, we demonstrate(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent phosphoinositide signaling has been implicated in diverse cellular systems coupled to receptors for many different ligands, but the extent to which it functions in sensory transduction is yet to be determined. We now report that blocking PI3K activity increases odorant-evoked, cyclic nucleotide-dependent(More)
Recent evidence has revived interest in the idea that phosphoinositides (PIs) may play a role in signal transduction in mammalian olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs). To provide direct evidence that odorants indeed activate PI signaling in ORNs, we used adenoviral vectors carrying two different fluorescently tagged probes, the pleckstrin homology (PH) domains(More)
We isolated splice variants of the DMIH cDNA encoding members of the I(h)-channel family from Drosophila melanogaster by means of polymerase chain reaction and homology screening. Splicing at four different sites generates a great variety of different channel transcripts. The variants so obtained code for ion channel proteins with long or short N-termini(More)
We isolated splice variants of the AMIH cDNA by means of polymerase chain reaction and homology screening. Splicing at one site generates at least four different channel transcripts (AMIH, AMIHL, AMIHM and AMIHT), which code for ion-channel proteins that vary in the interloop regions between the membrane-spanning domains S4 and S5. HEK293 cells in which the(More)
We isolated a cDNA named PAIH encoding a member of the I(h)-channel family expressed in olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) of the spiny lobster Panulirus argus. Functional expression of recombinant PAIH in HEK293 cells generated a slowly activating, noninactivating inward current under whole-cell voltage-clamp to hyperpolarizing voltage steps, the amplitude(More)
Several 3 alpha-hydroxysteroids accumulate in the brain after local synthesis or after metabolization of steroids that are provided by the adrenals. The 3 alpha-hydroxy ring A-reduced pregnane steroids allopregnanolone and tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone are believed not to interact with intracellular receptors, but enhance GABA-mediated chloride currents.(More)