Christian Hierholzer

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Resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock induces profound changes in the physiologic processes of many tissues and activates inflammatory cascades that include the activation of stress transcriptional factors and upregulation of cytokine synthesis. This process is accompanied by acute organ damage (e.g., lungs and liver). We have previously demonstrated that(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed union or nonunion of a fracture of the humerus is an infrequent but debilitating complication. Open reduction and internal fixation combined with autologous bone-grafting can result in reliable healing of the fracture; however, there is morbidity associated with the bone-graft donor site. This study was designed to evaluate healing of(More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) elicits an inflammatory response characterized by increased cytokine production and recruitment of PMN which we previously found to be iNOS dependent. In this study we attempted to remove excess induced-NO by administration of the NO scavenger, NOX, with the goal of suppressing proinflammatory signaling and reducing organ damage. Rats(More)
BACKGROUND:: The periarticular medial clavicle fracture is a rare injury and can be treated conservatively in the majority of cases. However, up to 8% of the patients develop symptomatic nonunion, and fracture dislocation correlates with the number of poor functional results. Operative treatment may be beneficial in these cases. Studies with large series of(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the relatively large surface area of metaphyseal cancellous bone, the majority of distal femur fractures heal reliably. Nonunions of the distal femur do rarely occur, however, and the associated bone loss and soft tissue scarring can make successful treatment difficult. Few reports in the literature exist regarding the clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND Aim of this study was to evaluate prognosis of severely injured patients. METHODS All severely injured patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥ 50 were identified in a 6-year-period between 2000 and 2005 in German Level 1 Trauma Center Murnau. Data was evaluated from German Trauma Registry and Polytrauma Outcome Chart of the German(More)
INTRODUCTION Single-pass, whole-body computed tomography (pan-scan) remains a controversial intervention in the early assessment of patients with major trauma. We hypothesized that a liberal pan-scan policy is mainly an indicator of enhanced process quality of emergency care that may lead to improved survival regardless of the actual use of the method. (More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) results in the initiation of an inflammatory cascade that is critical for survival following successful resuscitation. We identified a complex sequence of molecular events including shock-dependent and reperfusion-dependent responses that offer a new comprehensive approach for consequences of HS. Shock-dependent initializing(More)