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Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography are noninvasive tools that enable the study of three-dimensional diffusion characteristics and their molecular, cellular, and microstructural correlates in the human brain. To date, these techniques have mainly been limited to postnatal MR studies of premature infants and newborns. The primary aim of this(More)
Lung nodules are detected very commonly on computed tomographic (CT) scans of the chest, and the ability to detect very small nodules improves with each new generation of CT scanner. In reported studies, up to 51% of smokers aged 50 years or older have pulmonary nodules on CT scans. However, the existing guidelines for follow-up and management of(More)
Local anesthetics effectively suppress pain sensation, but most of these compounds act nonselectively, inhibiting activity of all neurons. Moreover, their actions abate slowly, preventing precise spatial and temporal control of nociception. We developed a photoisomerizable molecule, quaternary ammonium-azobenzene-quaternary ammonium (QAQ), that enables(More)
To treat the ever growing number of obese patients, reduction of adipocyte number by apoptosis may complement other therapeutic options. On the other hand in free fat grafts, apoptosis along with necrosis is responsible for long term volume reduction. To ensure successful soft tissue reconstruction it is mandatory to keep apoptosis on a low level in(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic strategies aiming to reduce ischemia/reperfusion injury by conditioning tissue tolerance against ischemia appear attractive not only from a scientific perspective, but also in clinics. Although previous studies indicate that remote ischemic intermittent preconditioning (RIPC) is a systemic phenomenon, only a few studies have focused(More)
PURPOSE To assess retrospectively the effect of the Joint Photographic Experts Group 2000 (JPEG2000) compression ratio on the quality of thin-section computed tomographic (CT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this institutional review board-approved investigation (protocol 238/2004), thin-section CT images were subjected to irreversible JPEG2000(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to report on the surgical management of skull base chordomas and to evaluate both the short- and long-term treatment outcomes. METHODS The authors retrospectively studied data from 49 patients who had undergone consecutive surgeries at a single institution. They also analyzed patterns of chordoma extension. Complications(More)
As lipofilling of the female breast is becoming more popular in plastic surgery, the use of MRI to assess breast volume has been employed to control postoperative results. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based breast volumetry software tools by comparing the measurements of silicone implant augmented breasts(More)
To quantify apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) changes in fetuses with normal lungs and to determine whether ADC can be used in the assessment of fetal lung development. In 53 pregnancies (20-37th weeks of gestation), we measured ADC on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the apical, middle, and basal thirds of the right lung. ADCs were correlated with(More)