Christian Hauptmann

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PURPOSE Subjective tinnitus is associated with pathologic enhanced neuronal synchronization. We used a model based desynchronization technique, acoustic coordinated reset (CR) neuromodulation, to specifically counteract tinnitus-related neuronal synchrony thereby inducing an unlearning of pathological synaptic connectivity and neuronal synchrony. METHODS(More)
We show that nonlinear delayed feedback opens up novel means for the control of synchronization. In particular, we propose a demand-controlled method for powerful desynchronization, which does not require any time-consuming calibration. Our technique distinguishes itself by its robustness against variations of system parameters, even in strongly coupled(More)
In detailed simulations we present a coordinated delayed feedback stimulation as a particularly robust and mild technique for desynchronization. We feed back the measured and band-pass filtered local filed potential via several or multiple sites with different delays, respectively. This yields a resounding desynchronization in a naturally demand-controlled(More)
In a modeling study, we show that synaptic connectivity can effectively be reshaped by an appropriate modulation of neuronal dynamics. To this end, we incorporate synaptic plasticity with symmetric spike-timing characteristics into a population of bursting neurons, which are interacting via chemical synapses. Under spontaneous conditions, qualitatively(More)
Acoustic Coordinated Reset (CR) neuromodulation is a patterned stimulation with tones adjusted to the patient's dominant tinnitus frequency, which aims at desynchronizing pathological neuronal synchronization. In a recent proof-of-concept study, CR therapy, delivered 4-6 h/day more than 12 weeks, induced a significant clinical improvement along with a(More)
Chronic subjective tinnitus is characterized by abnormal neuronal synchronization in the central auditory system. As shown in a controlled clinical trial, acoustic coordinated reset (CR) neuromodulation causes a significant relief of tinnitus symptoms along with a significant decrease of pathological oscillatory activity in a network comprising auditory and(More)
Coordinated reset neuromodulation consists of the application of consecutive brief high-frequency pulse trains through the different contacts of the stimulation electrode. In theoretical studies, by achieving unlearning of abnormal connectivity between neurons, coordinated reset neuromodulation reduces pathological synchronization, a hallmark feature of(More)
In computational models it has been shown that appropriate stimulation protocols may reshape the connectivity pattern of neural or oscillator networks with synaptic plasticity in a way that the network learns or unlearns strong synchronization. The underlying mechanism is that a network is shifted from one attractor to another, so that long-lasting(More)
PURPOSE Different stimulation techniques are introduced which specifically modulate the slow synaptic dynamics in a neuronal network model of the subthalamic nucleus with activity dependent synaptic plasticity. METHODS A modeling approach is utilized to investigate the effects of the different stimulation techniques. In particular, the short-term and(More)
BACKGROUND Development of new tinnitus treatments requires prospective placebo-controlled randomized trials to prove their efficacy. The Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ) is a validated and commonly used instrument for assessment of tinnitus severity and has been used in many clinical studies. Defining the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) for TQ(More)