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PURPOSE Different stimulation techniques are introduced which specifically modulate the slow synaptic dynamics in a neuronal network model of the subthalamic nucleus with activity dependent synaptic plasticity. METHODS A modeling approach is utilized to investigate the effects of the different stimulation techniques. In particular, the short-term and(More)
In computational models it has been shown that appropriate stimulation protocols may reshape the connectivity pattern of neural or oscillator networks with synaptic plasticity in a way that the network learns or unlearns strong synchronization. The underlying mechanism is that a network is shifted from one attractor to another, so that long-lasting(More)
Acoustic Coordinated Reset (CR) neuromodulation is a patterned stimulation with tones adjusted to the patient's dominant tinnitus frequency, which aims at desynchronizing pathological neuronal synchronization. In a recent proof-of-concept study, CR therapy, delivered 4-6 h/day more than 12 weeks, induced a significant clinical improvement along with a(More)
Coordinated reset neuromodulation consists of the application of consecutive brief high-frequency pulse trains through the different contacts of the stimulation electrode. In theoretical studies, by achieving unlearning of abnormal connectivity between neurons, coordinated reset neuromodulation reduces pathological synchronization, a hallmark feature of(More)
In detailed simulations we present a coordinated delayed feedback stimulation as a particularly robust and mild technique for desynchronization. We feed back the measured and band-pass filtered local filed potential via several or multiple sites with different delays, respectively. This yields a resounding desynchronization in a naturally demand-controlled(More)
In a modeling study, we show that synaptic connectivity can effectively be reshaped by an appropriate modulation of neuronal dynamics. To this end, we incorporate synaptic plasticity with symmetric spike-timing characteristics into a population of bursting neurons, which are interacting via chemical synapses. Under spontaneous conditions, qualitatively(More)
PURPOSE Subjective tinnitus is associated with pathologic enhanced neuronal synchronization. We used a model based desynchronization technique, acoustic coordinated reset (CR) neuromodulation, to specifically counteract tinnitus-related neuronal synchrony thereby inducing an unlearning of pathological synaptic connectivity and neuronal synchrony. METHODS(More)
To study the dynamical mechanism which generates Parkinsonian resting tremor, we apply coupling directionality analysis to local field potentials (LFP) and accelerometer signals recorded in an ensemble of 48 tremor epochs in four Parkinsonian patients with depth electrodes implanted in the ventro-intermediate nucleus of the thalamus (VIM) or the subthalmic(More)
We show that nonlinear delayed feedback opens up novel means for the control of synchronization. In particular, we propose a demand-controlled method for powerful desynchronization, which does not require any time-consuming calibration. Our technique distinguishes itself by its robustness against variations of system parameters, even in strongly coupled(More)
We show that the dynamical multistability of a network of bursting subthalamic neurons, caused by synaptic plasticity has a strong impact on the stimulus-response properties when exposed to weak and short desynchronizing stimuli. Intriguingly, such stimuli can reliably shift the network from a stable state with pathological synchrony and connectivity to a(More)