Christian Gessner

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Collection of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a noninvasive method for obtaining samples from the lungs. EBC contains large number of mediators including adenosine, ammonia, hydrogen peroxide, isoprostanes, leukotrienes, nitrogen oxides, peptides and cytokines. Concentrations of these mediators are influenced by lung diseases and modulated by therapeutic(More)
Differences in cytokine patterns in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), exacerbated COPD, smokers without apparent COPD, and healthy volunteers should be of interest for pathophysiological and therapeutic reasons. Methods including lavage, biopsy and sputum have been employed to investigate cytokines in the lung. For asystematic comparison,(More)
The availability of energy appears to exert important regulatory functions in pituitary-adrenal stress responses. In two studies, the effects of short-term fasting and subsequent glucose administration on the free cortisol response to psychological stress and nicotine consumption were investigated. Study 1: After fasting for 8-11 h, healthy young men(More)
BACKGROUND To improve monitoring of lung diseases, we analyzed cytokines in exhaled breath condensate (EBC). The main challenge in measurement of cytokines in EBC is the low protein content, which requires concentration steps that conflict with the need for excessive fluid required by most commonly used kits. METHODS Here, a multiplex bead array for the(More)
The human Y-box binding protein, YB-1, is a multifunctional protein that regulates gene expression. Nuclear expression of YB-1 has been associated with chemoresistance and poor prognosis of tumour patients. Representative samples from autopsied material of primary tumours from 77 patients with NSCLC were investigated by immunohistochemistry for subcellular(More)
Clinical studies suggest prognostic relevance of p16INK4A in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) while conflicting results for p53 have been published. However, the importance of the apoptosis regulating gene BAX, a downstream regulator of p53, on the prognosis of NSCLC is unknown. The present study investigated the prognostic relevance of BAX with respect to(More)
Early recognition of lung cancer is a prerequisite for any strategy to improve lung cancer treatment outcome. Here we report a cross-sectional study intended as a proof of principle investigation using breath based detection (exhaled breath condensate, EBC) of angiogenic markers (VEGF, bFGF, angiogenin), TNF-alpha and IL-8 to discriminate 74 individuals,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Mechanical ventilation may damage the lung. Low tidal volume (VT) is protective, but VT is scaled to body weight (BW) and may be high in functionally small ARDS lungs. We hypothesized that exhaled breath condensate (EBC) nitrite (NO(2)(-)) concentration may increase with lung distension. DESIGN Prospective, noncontrolled study. SETTING(More)
Analysis of breath condensate (BC) has received interest recently due to the need for easy and repetitive monitoring or airway and pulmonary disease. While many authors have used custom built systems, commercial systems are now available and will probably be used more widely. Early studies of markers and mediators in BC have reported concentrations(More)
Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) contains small amounts of protein leaving the lung by aerosol droplet generation. Protein patterns in EBC might be useful in monitoring acute and severe pulmonary disease and in particular monitoring of mechanical stress during ventilation. EBC (10ml) was collected from 30 ventilated patients with respiratory failure(More)