Christian Geier

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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a heterogeneous autosomal dominant cardiac disorder with a prevalence of 1 in 500. Over 450 different pathogenic mutations in at least 16 genes have been identified so far. The large allelic and genetic heterogeneity of HCM requires high-throughput, rapid, and affordable mutation detection technologies to efficiently(More)
BACKGROUND Muscle LIM protein (MLP) is an essential nuclear regulator of myogenic differentiation. Additionally, it may act as an integrator of protein assembly of the actin-based cytoskeleton. MLP-knockout mice develop a marked cardiac hypertrophy reaction and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). MLP is therefore a candidate gene for heritable forms of(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a secreted protein that is strongly induced in human and experimental heart failure. CTGF is said to be profibrotic; however, the precise function of CTGF is unclear. We generated transgenic mice and rats with cardiomyocyte-specific CTGF overexpression (CTGF-TG). To investigate CTGF as a fibrosis inducer, we(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding dysferlin cause limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2B (LGMD2B), a disorder that is believed to spare the heart. We observed dilated cardiomyopathy in two out of seven LGMD2B patients and cardiac abnormalities in three others. Cardiac biopsies showed that dysferlin was completely absent from the sarcolemma and appeared to be(More)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a relatively frequent, genetically determined primary cardiomyopathy, characterized by most often asymmetric hypertrophy of the ventricular septum with or without systolic obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract. HCM is a genetically heterogeneous disease, with 12 different disease-causing genes beeing(More)
Familial Dilated Cardiomyopathy (FDCM) is caused by mutations in genes encoding myocardial force transduction proteins. Desmoglein-2 (DSG2) and Desmocollin-2 (DSC2) provide cellular adhesion and force transduction by cell-to-cell anchorage. To test whether perturbations of DSG2 or DSC2 exhibit a pathogenic impact on DCM pathogenesis, we sequenced both genes(More)
BACKGROUND One-third of cases of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is of familial aetiology. Several genes have been reported to cause the autosomal dominant form of DCM. AIMS To analyze the lamin A/C gene (LMNA) in 31 unrelated patients with DCM and conduction system disease (CSD). METHODS Patients and family members underwent physical examination,(More)
To the Editor: In-stent thrombosis (IST) remains a major challenge in interventional cardiology. Trials comparing balloon angioplasty with coronary stenting demonstrated an IST incidence 5% (1,2). Improved stent deployment combined with dual antiplatelet therapy reduced the incidence to 0.5% to 2% (3–6). Aside from appropriate antiplatelet therapy,(More)
We investigated a large German family (n = 37) with male members who had contractures, rigid spine syndrome, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Muscle weakness or atrophy was not prominent in affected individuals. Muscle biopsy disclosed a myopathic pattern with cytoplasmic bodies. We used microsatellite markers and found linkage to a locus at Xq26-28, a(More)