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In the corticotroph cell line AtT20, Ca2+ stimulates c-fos mRNA and nuclear c-fos protein accumulation. We show that Ca2+ stimulates transcription of a chloramphenicol-acetyl-transferase reporter gene driven by the c-fos promoter. This effect is mimicked by both constitutively active Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase types II (CamK II) and IV (CamK(More)
Molecular mechanisms promoting neuronal death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) were investigated using transgenic mice that overexpressed the G86R mutated form of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene. We observed: (i) alteration of the Bcl-x/Bax ratio and (ii) activation of the transcription factor p53, as deduced from its location within neuron(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, regulates survival and apoptosis of several neuronal populations. These effects are initiated by high-affinity membrane receptors displaying tyrosine kinase activity (trk). However, the intracellular pathways and genetic mechanisms associated with these receptors are largely(More)
Sprouty (Spry) proteins are ligand-inducible inhibitors of receptor tyrosine kinases-dependent signaling pathways, which control various biological processes, including proliferation, differentiation and survival. Here, we investigated the regulation and the role of Spry2 in cells of the central nervous system (CNS). In primary cultures of immature neurons,(More)
Although p53 and p73 share considerable homology in their DNA-binding domains, there have been few studies examining their relative interactions with DNA as purified proteins. Comparing p53 and p73beta proteins, our data show that zinc chelation by EDTA is significantly more detrimental to the ability of p73beta than of p53 to bind DNA, most likely due to(More)
Over the last few years, the widely distributed family of reticulons (RTNs) is receiving renewed interest because of the implication of RTN4/Nogo in neurite regeneration. Four genes were identified in mammals and are referred to as RTN1, 2, 3 and the neurite outgrowth inhibitor RTN4/Nogo. In the present paper, we describe the existence of five new isoforms(More)
To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-controlled synaptic plasticity, we studied beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2-AR) expression in cultured cerebellar granule cells. We show that, depending on the state of depolarization, BDNF exerts opposite effects on beta2-AR expression. In neurons maintained in low(More)
Mechanisms of muscle atrophy are complex and their understanding might help finding therapeutic solutions for pathologies such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We meta-analyzed transcriptomic experiments of muscles of ALS patients and mouse models, uncovering a p53 deregulation as common denominator. We then characterized the induction of several p53(More)
Two new gold-phosphine-porphyrin derivatives were synthesized and fully characterized, and their photophysical properties investigated along a water-soluble analog. The cytotoxicity of the compounds was tested on cancer cells (HCT116 and SW480), and their cell uptake was followed by fluorescence microscopy in vitro (on SW480). The proof that the(More)