Christian Gaiddon

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In the corticotroph cell line AtT20, Ca2+ stimulates c-fos mRNA and nuclear c-fos protein accumulation. We show that Ca2+ stimulates transcription of a chloramphenicol-acetyl-transferase reporter gene driven by the c-fos promoter. This effect is mimicked by both constitutively active Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase types II (CamK II) and IV (CamK(More)
The p53 protein is related by sequence homology and function to the products of two other genes, p63 and p73, that each encode several isoforms. We and others have discovered previously that certain tumor-derived mutants of p53 can associate and inhibit transcriptional activation by the alpha and beta isoforms of p73. In this study we have extended these(More)
Molecular mechanisms promoting neuronal death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) were investigated using transgenic mice that overexpressed the G86R mutated form of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene. We observed: (i) alteration of the Bcl-x/Bax ratio and (ii) activation of the transcription factor p53, as deduced from its location within neuron(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein, found mutated in over 50% of all human tumors, is a sequence-specific transcriptional activator. Recent studies have identified a p53 relative, termed p73. We were interested in determining the relative abilities of wild-type and mutant forms of p53 and p73alpha and -beta isoforms to transactivate various p53-responsive(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, regulates survival and apoptosis of several neuronal populations. These effects are initiated by high-affinity membrane receptors displaying tyrosine kinase activity (trk). However, the intracellular pathways and genetic mechanisms associated with these receptors are largely(More)
Over the last few years, the widely distributed family of reticulons (RTNs) is receiving renewed interest because of the implication of RTN4/Nogo in neurite regeneration. Four genes were identified in mammals and are referred to as RTN1, 2, 3 and the neurite outgrowth inhibitor RTN4/Nogo. In the present paper, we describe the existence of five new isoforms(More)
Ref-1 is a multifunctional protein that stimulates DNA binding by a number of transcription factors and serves as the abasic (A/P) endonuclease in base excision repair. Ref-1 was discovered to be a potent activator of p53 DNA binding in vitro. To address the physiological significance of the effects of Ref-1 on p53, we have analyzed its role in regulating(More)
Sprouty (Spry) proteins are ligand-inducible inhibitors of receptor tyrosine kinases-dependent signaling pathways, which control various biological processes, including proliferation, differentiation and survival. Here, we investigated the regulation and the role of Spry2 in cells of the central nervous system (CNS). In primary cultures of immature neurons,(More)
Although p53 and p73 share considerable homology in their DNA-binding domains, there have been few studies examining their relative interactions with DNA as purified proteins. Comparing p53 and p73beta proteins, our data show that zinc chelation by EDTA is significantly more detrimental to the ability of p73beta than of p53 to bind DNA, most likely due to(More)
Cisplatin-derived anticancer therapy has been used for three decades despite its side effects. Other types of organometallic complexes, namely, some ruthenium-derived compounds (RDC), which would display cytotoxicity through different modes of action, might represent alternative therapeutic agents. We have studied both in vitro and in vivo the biological(More)