Christian Gaiddon

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Localized inflammation of a rat's hindpaw elicits an accumulation of beta-endorphin-(END) containing immune cells. We investigated the production, release, and antinociceptive effects of lymphocyte-derived END in relation to cell trafficking. In normal animals, END and proopiomelanocortin mRNA were less abundant in circulating lymphocytes than in those(More)
The p53 protein is related by sequence homology and function to the products of two other genes, p63 and p73, that each encode several isoforms. We and others have discovered previously that certain tumor-derived mutants of p53 can associate and inhibit transcriptional activation by the alpha and beta isoforms of p73. In this study we have extended these(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein, found mutated in over 50% of all human tumors, is a sequence-specific transcriptional activator. Recent studies have identified a p53 relative, termed p73. We were interested in determining the relative abilities of wild-type and mutant forms of p53 and p73alpha and -beta isoforms to transactivate various p53-responsive(More)
Sprouty (Spry) proteins are ligand-inducible inhibitors of receptor tyrosine kinases-dependent signaling pathways, which control various biological processes, including proliferation, differentiation and survival. Here, we investigated the regulation and the role of Spry2 in cells of the central nervous system (CNS). In primary cultures of immature neurons,(More)
The metallic compound cisplatin has been used for many years to treat various human cancers. Here, we describe the cytostatic and cytotoxic properties of a new class of organometallic compounds that contain a ruthenium (II) atom covalently linked to carbon and nitrogen atoms. We found that several ruthenium-derived compounds (RDCs) led to G1 arrest and(More)
Ref-1 is a multifunctional protein that stimulates DNA binding by a number of transcription factors and serves as the abasic (A/P) endonuclease in base excision repair. Ref-1 was discovered to be a potent activator of p53 DNA binding in vitro. To address the physiological significance of the effects of Ref-1 on p53, we have analyzed its role in regulating(More)
The study of metal complexes for the treatment of cancer diseases has resulted in the identification of some unique properties of ruthenium-based compounds. Among these inorganic-based agents, two of them, namely the ruthenium(III) drugs NAMI-A and KP1019 have undertaken with some success the clinical evaluations of phase I and preliminary phase II trials(More)
Over the last few years, the widely distributed family of reticulons (RTNs) is receiving renewed interest because of the implication of RTN4/Nogo in neurite regeneration. Four genes were identified in mammals and are referred to as RTN1, 2, 3 and the neurite outgrowth inhibitor RTN4/Nogo. In the present paper, we describe the existence of five new isoforms(More)
Cisplatin-derived anticancer therapy has been used for three decades despite its side effects. Other types of organometallic complexes, namely, some ruthenium-derived compounds (RDC), which would display cytotoxicity through different modes of action, might represent alternative therapeutic agents. We have studied both in vitro and in vivo the biological(More)
The proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene expressed in corticotrophs of the anterior pituitary encodes several biologically active peptides and is primarily under the positive control of hypophysiotropic factors (e.g. corticotropin releasing hormone). Using AtT20 cells as a model, we show that these factors increase levels of POMC primary RNA transcripts(More)