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Spontaneous rupture of the spleen is an extremely rare complication usually of infectious diseases or disorders of the haematopoietic system and has been described mostly in case reports. The incidence, symptoms, causes, therapy, and prognosis are poorly defined. From July 1985 to January 2000 41 patients with spontaneous splenic rupture were diagnosed by(More)
OBJECTIVE Because of the absence of air in atelectatic tissue, sonography allows visualization of lung atelectasis and may characterize pulmonary and bronchial arterial vascularity by contrast-enhanced sonography (CES). METHODS Thirty consecutive patients with obstructive atelectasis (OA) (n = 17) and compression atelectasis (n = 13) were retrospectively(More)
We analyzed the files of all autopsies performed at the Institute of Pathology of the Philipps-University Marburg between 1980 and 1999 with respect to the presence of splenic metastasis. The total number of autopsies within the study period was 8,563. In 1,898 cases, a solid malignant tumor (1,774 carcinomas, 36 sarcomas, 27 malignant melanomas) was(More)
OBJECTIVE Transpulmonary sonography contrast agents, in conjunction with contrast-specific imaging techniques, are increasingly accepted in clinical use for diagnostic imaging of several organs. Anatomically, the lung is characterized by dual blood sources, supplied from both the pulmonary and bronchial arteries. Contrast-enhanced sonography enables us to(More)
Chronic eosinophilic leukaemia has not yet been clearly defined, mainly due to the fact that it has not been conclusively shown as a monoclonal disease which should be separated from chronic myelogenous leukaemia, acute myelogenous leukaemia with eosinophilia (AML, FAB M4Eo), and the idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. We report a patient with a white(More)
A 19-year-old girl presented with a septical condition with fever of 40 degrees C, swelling of the right sternocleidomastoid region and abdominal pain. Except for a sore throat with pain strictly localized to the right side of her neck and fever over the last week there were no other clues in her past medical history. An abdominal ultrasound and MRT scan as(More)
UNLABELLED We report the sonographic findings in 43 patients with focal splenic masses. A differential diagnosis of splenic tumors was attempted on the basis of echotexture, size, vascularity and patterns of blood flow within and around tumors on color Doppler sonography. Using the surrounding splenic tissue as an in vivo reference, markedly hypervascular(More)
Between January 1990 and January 2005, incidental hypoechoic, vascular tumours of the spleen were identified in 13 patients using B-mode and colour Doppler ultrasound (CDS). All lesions found were well demarcated, intrasplenically located, and ranged in size between 1 cm and 4 cm. The increased vascular pattern on CDS was confirmed in 9 of the 13 cases by(More)
AIM Ultrasound may be a cheap alternative to scintigraphic determination of splenic function. We directly compared nanocolloid scintigraphy (NS), scintigraphy with heat-altered erythrocytes (ES), and colour-coded Doppler sonography (DS) in patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (CIBD). PATIENTS, METHODS 35 patients were included into the study.(More)
This report concerns 172 patients with sonographically diagnosed benign and malignant splenic lesions. A variety of echopatterns was observed, but a differential diagnosis was often impossible without contributory clinical data. Thirteen patients underwent ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy for histological confirmation or therapy. In 14 cases splenectomy(More)