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An intracellular protein termed CD2 binding protein 2 (CD2BP2), which binds to a site containing two PPPGHR segments within the cytoplasmic region of CD2, was identified. Mutagenesis and NMR analysis demonstrated that the CD2 binding region of CD2BP2 includes a 17-aa motif (GPY[orF]xxxxM[orV]xxWxxx GYF), also found in several yeast and Caenorhabditis(More)
GYF domains are conserved eukaryotic adaptor domains that recognize proline-rich sequences. Although the structure and function of the prototypic GYF domain from the human CD2BP2 protein have been characterized in detail, very little is known about GYF domains from other proteins and species. Here we describe the binding properties of four GYF domains of(More)
BACKGROUND Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) offer a new paradigm for modeling genetic cardiac diseases, but it is unclear whether mouse and human PSCs can truly model both gain- and loss-of-function genetic disorders affecting the Na(+) current (I(Na)) because of the immaturity of the PSC-derived cardiomyocytes. To address this issue, we generated multiple PSC(More)
Adhesion of T cells after stimulation of the T-cell receptor (TCR) is mediated via signaling processes that have collectively been termed inside-out signaling. The molecular basis for inside-out signaling is not yet completely understood. Here, we show that a signaling module comprising the cytosolic adapter proteins ADAP and SKAP55 is involved in(More)
T cell activation through the CD2 cell surface receptor is transmitted by proline-rich sequences within its cytoplasmic tail. A membrane-proximal proline-rich tandem repeat, involved in cytokine production, is recognized by the intracellular CD2 binding protein CD2BP2. We solved the solution structure of the CD2 binding domain of CD2BP2, which we name the(More)
A protein was purified from crude extracts of the soil fungus Myrothecium verrucaria by gel filtration and hydrophobic chromatography to homogeneity; this protein catalyzed the stoichiometric hydration of the fertilizer cyanamide to urea with high substrate specificity. This cyanamide hydratase (urea hydro-lyase; EC 4.2.1.69) contained zinc and consisted of(More)
Intracellular protein interaction domains are essential for eukaryotic signaling. In T cells, the CD2BP2 adaptor binds two membrane-proximal proline-rich motifs in the CD2 cytoplasmic tail via its GYF domain, thereby regulating interleukin-2 production. Here we present the structure of the GYF domain in complex with a CD2 tail peptide. Unlike SH3 domains,(More)
Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4-phosphate (PI(4)P) and its metabolizing enzymes serve important functions in cell signalling and membrane traffic. PI 4-kinase type IIα (PI4KIIα) regulates Wnt signalling, endosomal sorting of signalling receptors, and promotes adaptor protein recruitment to endosomes and the trans-Golgi network. Here we identify the E3 ubiquitin(More)
Protein-protein interactions are often mediated by small domains that recognize solvent-exposed peptide sequences. Deciphering the recognition code for these adapter domains is an important step in the understanding of multi-protein assemblies. Here, we investigate the sequence requirements for the CD2BP2-GYF domain, a proline-rich sequence binding module(More)
Histone methylation is an epigenetic mark essential for gene regulation and development. We introduce peptide SPOT synthesis to study sequence specificity of the Dim-5 histone-3 lysine-9 methyltransferase. Dim-5 recognizes R8-G12 of the H3 tail with T11 and G12 being the most important specificity determinants. Exchange of H3 tail residue S10 and T11 by E(More)