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GYF domains are conserved eukaryotic adaptor domains that recognize proline-rich sequences. Although the structure and function of the prototypic GYF domain from the human CD2BP2 protein have been characterized in detail, very little is known about GYF domains from other proteins and species. Here we describe the binding properties of four GYF domains of(More)
BACKGROUND A reliable prediction of the Xaa-Pro peptide bond conformation would be a useful tool for many protein structure calculation methods. We have analyzed the Protein Data Bank and show that the combined use of sequential and structural information has a predictive value for the assessment of the cis versus trans peptide bond conformation of Xaa-Pro(More)
The targeting of mRNAs to specific subcellular locations is believed to facilitate the rapid and selective incorporation of their protein products into complexes that may include membrane organelles. In oligodendrocytes, mRNAs that encode myelin basic protein (MBP) and select myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic proteins (MOBPs) locate in myelin sheath(More)
MHC class II molecules (MHC II) play a pivotal role in the cell-surface presentation of antigens for surveillance by T cells. Antigen loading takes place inside the cell in endosomal compartments and loss of the peptide ligand rapidly leads to the formation of a non-receptive state of the MHC molecule. Non-receptiveness hinders the efficient loading of new(More)
Integrins have been implicated in various processes of nervous system development, including proliferation, migration, and differentiation of neuronal cells. In this study, we show that the serine/threonine kinase Ndr2 controls integrin-dependent dendritic and axonal growth in mouse hippocampal neurons. We further demonstrate that Ndr2 is able to induce(More)
The folding kinetics of the variable domains of the phosphorylcholine-binding antibody McPC603, combined into a scFv fragment [VH-(Gly4Ser)3-VL], were investigated by the use of fluorescence spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and mass spectrometry (MS). All three methods gave evidence for the occurrence of a major kinetic intermediate during(More)
BACKGROUND Antibodies are prototypes of multimeric proteins and consist of structurally similar domains. The two variable domains of an antibody (VH and VL) interact through a large hydrophobic interface and can be expressed as covalently linked single-chain Fv (scFv) fragments. The in vitro folding of scFv fragments after long-term denaturation in(More)
TCR stimulation leads to an increase in cellular adhesion among other outcomes. The adhesion and degranulation promoting adapter protein (ADAP) is known to be rapidly phosphorylated after T cell stimulation and relays the TCR signal to adhesion molecules of the integrin family. While three tyrosine phosphorylation sites have been characterized(More)
The mRNAs for two myelin proteins, myelin basic protein (MBP) and myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein (MOBP)-81A, are uniquely located at sites where myelin sheaths are assembled. Here, we use subcellular fractionation to show that four MOBP mRNAs, like MBP mRNA, are located at sites of myelin sheath assembly, and that three other MOBP mRNAs(More)
HLA-DM mediates the exchange of peptides loaded onto MHCII molecules during antigen presentation by a mechanism that remains unclear and controversial. Here, we investigated the sequence and structural determinants of HLA-DM interaction. Peptides interacting nonoptimally in the P1 pocket exhibited low MHCII binding affinity and kinetic instability and were(More)