Christian Freiberg

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Access to mineral nitrogen often limits plant growth, and so symbiotic relationships have evolved between plants and a variety of nitrogen-fixing organisms. These associations are responsible for reducing 120 million tonnes of atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia each year. In agriculture, independence from nitrogenous fertilizers expands crop production and(More)
Most of the bacterial genes involved in nodulation of legumes (nod, nol and noe ) as well as nitrogen fixation (nif and fix ) are carried on pNGR234a, the 536 kb symbiotic plasmid (pSym) of the broad-host-range Rhizobium sp. NGR234. Putative transcription regulators comprise 24 of the predicted 416 open reading frames (ORFs) contained on this replicon.(More)
Transcriptional regulators of the lysR family largely control the expression of bacterial symbiotic genes. Rhizobium sp. NGR234 contains at least four members of this family: two resemble nodD, while two others are more closely related to syrM. Part of the extremely broad host range of NGR234 can be attributed to nodD1, although the second gene shares a(More)
Much of the remarkable ability of Rhizobium sp. strain NGR234 to nodulate at least 110 genera of legumes, as well as the nonlegume Parasponia andersonii, stems from the more than 80 different Nod factors it secretes. Except for nodE, nodG, and nodPQ, which are on the chromosome, most Nod factor biosynthesis genes are dispersed over the 536,165-bp symbiotic(More)
The changes in the status of the adenylic acid-creatine phosphate system and in glycogen, glucose, and lactate were investigated in canine kidneys during preservation in anaerobic and aerobic ischemia at normo- and hypothermia. For anaerobic ischemia, the kidneys were stored without additional measures; for aerobic ischemia, the ischemic kidneys were(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Enhancement characteristics after administration of a contrast agent are regarded as a major criterion for differential diagnosis in magnetic resonance mammography (MRM). However, no consensus exists about the best measurement method to assess contrast enhancement kinetics. This systematic investigation was performed to compare(More)
Rhizobia secrete specific lipo-chitooligosaccharide signals (LCOs) called Nod factors that are required for infection and nodulation of legumes. In Rhizobium sp. NGR234, the reducing N-acetyl-D-glucosamine of LCOs is substituted at C6 with 2-O-methyl-L-fucose which can be acetylated or sulphated. We identified a flavonoid-inducible locus on the symbiotic(More)
To perform a semiautomated software-based comparison of invasive breast carcinoma dynamic enhancement patterns in MR mammography with histological prognostic factors considering whole lesion volumes. A total of 128 patients with 145 invasive breast carcinomas underwent dynamic MR mammography. Kinetic features from the invasive breast lesions were obtained(More)
PURPOSE Post-contrast enhancement characteristics (PEC) are a major criterion for differential diagnosis in MR mammography (MRM). Manual placement of regions of interest (ROIs) to obtain time/signal intensity curves (TSIC) is the standard approach to assess dynamic enhancement data. Computers can automatically calculate the TSIC in every lesion voxel and(More)
Genomes of the soil-borne nitrogen-fixing symbionts of legumes [Azo(Brady)Rhizobium species] typically have GC contents of 59-65 mol%. As a consequence, compressions (up to 400 per cosmid) are common using automated dye primer shotgun sequencing methods. To overcome this difficulty, we have exclusively applied dye terminators in combination with a(More)