Christian Fernandes

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A simple and sensitive procedure using solid-phase microextraction coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to analyze fluoxetine (FLU) and its metabolite norfluoxetine (nor-FLU) in plasma samples was developed and validated. SPME conditions were optimized employing a factorial design. The sampling step was performed using a PDMS-DVB fiber(More)
Solid-phase microextraction coupled to liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (SPME-LC-MS) was used to analyze tricyclic antidepressant drugs desipramine, imipramine, nortriptyline, amitriptyline, and clomipramine (internal standard) in plasma samples. SPME was performed by direct extraction on a PDMS/DVB (60 microm) coated fiber, employing a stirring(More)
This study presents the application of a system that joins the known advantages of capillary liquid chromatography (e.g., higher concentration of the analytes and lower consumption of mobile phase) with those of column-switching using restricted access material (RAM) (sample clean up and extraction) to the analysis of fluoxetine in plasma samples.(More)
Rapid methods for etidronate, clodronate, pamidronate, and alendronate assays are presented. The methods are based on ion chromatography with indirect UV detection, which avoids the need for chemical derivatization procedures. Each compound is analyzed on an individual basis. There is no need for having separation among these analytes because the aim of the(More)
This article presents a method employing stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) with in situ derivatization, in combination with either thermal or liquid desorption on-line coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of fluoxetine in plasma samples. Ethyl chloroformate was employed as derivatizing agent producing symmetrical peaks.(More)
The aim of the study described in this report has been the development and the evaluation of a new improved interface to be operated under continuous heating, for on-line coupling solid-phase microextraction (SPME) to high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Heating is desirable to increase desorption rate and decrease carryover. The results obtained(More)
Solid-phase microextraction (SPME)-liquid chromatography (LC) is used to analyze tricyclic antidepressant drugs desipramine, imipramine, nortriptyline, amitriptyline, and clomipramine (internal standard) in plasma samples. Extraction conditions are optimized using a 2(3) factorial design plus a central point to evaluate the influence of the time,(More)
A column switching LC method is presented for the analysis of fluoxetine (FLU) and norfluoxetine (NFLU) by direct injection of human plasma using a lab-made restricted access media (RAM) column. A RAM-BSA-octadecyl silica (C-18) column (40 mm x 4.6 mm, 10 microm) is evaluated in both backflush and foreflush elution modes and coupled with a C-18 lab-made (50(More)
Designing agent behaviors is rarely straight forward, especially if the natural environment of the agent is open and complex (as is the case of the Internet). In this paper, we describe our behavior discriminative agent (BDA) model which aims at supporting designers of such agents. The behaviors are here themselves represented by agents so the BDA agent(More)
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