Christian Dumas

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During early seed development, nuclear divisions in the endosperm are not followed by cell division, leading to the development of a syncytium. The simple organization of the Arabidopsis endosperm provides a model in which to study the regulation of the cell cycle in relation to development. To monitor nuclear divisions, we constructed a HISTONE 2B::YELLOW(More)
A receptor-like kinase, SRK, has been implicated in the autoincompatible response that leads to the rejection of self-pollen in Brassica plants. SRK is encoded by one member of a multigene family, which includes several receptor-like kinase genes with patterns of expression very different from that of SRK but of unknown function. Here, we report the(More)
Genes encoding two novel members of the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase (LRR-RLK) superfamily have been isolated from maize (Zea mays L.). These genes have been named ZmSERK1 and ZmSERK2 since features such as a putative leucine zipper (ZIP) and five leucine rich repeats in the extracellular domain, a proline-rich region (SPP) just upstream of the(More)
The development of in vitro fertilization systems in flowering plants is important for understanding and controlling the mechanisms of fertilization. Here a method is described in which isolated maize gametes fuse. In a medium containing 5 mM calcium chloride, sperm and egg cells adhere for several minutes and then fuse within 10 seconds. The method is(More)
We report here the first evidence of a transient elevation of free cytosolic Ca2+ following fusion of sperm and egg cell in a flowering plant by the use of an in vitro fertilization system recently developed in maize. Imaging changes in cytosolic Ca2+ at fertilization was undertaken by egg cell loading with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator dye fluo-3 under(More)
The use of the DNA-specific fluorochrome DAPI has been extended to stage assessment of fresh pollen in wheat and maize. Membrane permeabilization by Triton X-100 incorporated in the staining solution allows access of the fluorochrome to nuclear DNA. At all stages of gametophytic development, the nuclei can be sharply visualized. Starch does not interfere(More)
The self-incompatibility response in Brassica allows recognition and rejection of self-pollen by the stigmatic papillae. The transmembrane S-locus receptor kinase (SRK), a member of the receptor-like kinase superfamily in plants, mediates recognition of self-pollen on the female side, whereas the S-locus cysteine-rich protein (SCR) is the male component of(More)
Although double fertilization in angiosperm was discovered in 1898, we still know nothing about the proteins that mediate gamete recognition and fusion in plants. Because sperm are small and embedded within the large vegetative cell of the pollen grain, mRNAs from sperm are poorly represented in EST databases. We optimized fluorescence-activated cell(More)
Fertilization in both animals and plants relies on the correct targeting of the male gametes to the female gametes. In flowering plants, the pollen tube carries two male gametes through the maternal reproductive tissues to the embryo sac, which contains two female gametes. The pollen tube then releases its two male gametes into a specialized receptor cell(More)
The S locus, which controls the self-incompatibility response in Brassica, has been shown to contain at least two genes. SLG encodes a secreted S locus glycoprotein whilst SRK encodes a putative S locus receptor kinase. SRK has been shown potentially to encode a functional kinase and genetic evidence indicates that this gene is essential for the(More)