Christian Diot

Learn More
We investigated the possibility of infecting normal adult human hepatocytes maintained in pure cultures or in cocultures with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Several assays with different infectious sera and hepatocyte populations from various donors identified only limited HBV replication, with significant variations from one cell preparation to another. The(More)
Sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 and -2 (SREBP-1 and -2) are key transcription factors involved in the biosynthesis of cholesterol and fatty adds. The SREBP have mainly been studied in rodents in which lipogenesis is regulated in both liver and adipose tissue. There is, however, a paucity of information on birds, in which lipogenesis occurs(More)
Starvation triggers a complex array of adaptative metabolic responses including energy-metabolic responses, a process which must imply tissue specific alterations in gene expression and in which the liver plays a central role. The present study aimed to describe the evolution of global gene expression profiles in liver of 4-week-old male chickens during a(More)
We have previously succeeded in infecting normal human hepatocyte primary cultures with hepatitis B virus (HBV). However, infection was subject to individual variations even in the presence of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which appeared to increase the amounts of viral DNA associated with the cells. In this study, we have defined conditions which enhance(More)
The susceptibility to development of hepatic steatosis is known to differ between Muscovy and Pekin ducks. Although some experiments were conducted to decipher these differences, few data have been produced to analyse the role of specific genes in this process. For this purpose, expression levels of genes involved in lipid (ATP citrate lyase, malic enzyme(More)
A panel of four novel human hepatoma cell lines was isolated from a single tumor from a male individual. BC1, B16 and B16A2 lines were well differentiated, while cells of the B9 line were only poorly differentiated, being essentially negative for the functions analyzed. These cell lines have been surveyed for expression of a large set of plasma proteins,(More)
In chicken, adiposity is influenced by hepatic stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) 1. This gene is up-regulated by low-fat high-carbohydrate diet and down-regulated by addition of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). In this study, we present evidence for an inhibition of chicken SCD1 expression by PUFA using reporter gene constructs in transient transfection(More)
A human hepatoblastoma cell clone E4 was obtained by transfection of HepG2 cells with a plasmid DNA containing four tandem copies of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome. Analysis of both intracellular and extracellular viral DNA revealed that this clone exhibited the main steps of the replication process previously found in normal hepatocyte primary cultures(More)
Excessive adiposity has become a major drawback in meat-type chicken production. However, few studies were conducted to analyze the liver expression of genes involved in pathways and mechanisms leading to adiposity. A previous study performed by differential display on RNAs extracted from chicken livers from lean and fat lines allowed us to isolate cDNA(More)
In order to provide information on chicken genome expression, expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were developed from chicken liver RNAs using a method based on arbitrarily primed reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of total RNAs. The method is similar to differential display, using one base anchored oligo-d(T) reverse-primers and 20-mer(More)