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Sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 and -2 (SREBP-1 and -2) are key transcription factors involved in the biosynthesis of cholesterol and fatty adds. The SREBP have mainly been studied in rodents in which lipogenesis is regulated in both liver and adipose tissue. There is, however, a paucity of information on birds, in which lipogenesis occurs(More)
We have previously succeeded in infecting normal human hepatocyte primary cultures with hepatitis B virus (HBV). However, infection was subject to individual variations even in the presence of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which appeared to increase the amounts of viral DNA associated with the cells. In this study, we have defined conditions which enhance(More)
The susceptibility to development of hepatic steatosis is known to differ between Muscovy and Pekin ducks. Although some experiments were conducted to decipher these differences, few data have been produced to analyse the role of specific genes in this process. For this purpose, expression levels of genes involved in lipid (ATP citrate lyase, malic enzyme(More)
As for other non-model species, genetic analyses in quail will benefit greatly from a higher marker density, now attainable thanks to the evolution of sequencing and genotyping technologies. Our objective was to obtain the first genome wide panel of Japanese quail SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) and to use it for the fine mapping of a QTL for a(More)
We investigated the possibility of infecting normal adult human hepatocytes maintained in pure cultures or in cocultures with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Several assays with different infectious sera and hepatocyte populations from various donors identified only limited HBV replication, with significant variations from one cell preparation to another. The(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are known to repress SCD-1 gene expression, key enzyme of monounsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis. Alterations of the monounsaturated/saturated fatty acids ratio have been implicated in various diseases related to the metabolic syndrome, including hypertension. We previously evidenced that lipogenesis end-products(More)
In chicken, adiposity is influenced by hepatic stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) 1. This gene is up-regulated by low-fat high-carbohydrate diet and down-regulated by addition of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). In this study, we present evidence for an inhibition of chicken SCD1 expression by PUFA using reporter gene constructs in transient transfection(More)
In order to provide information on chicken genome expression, expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were developed from chicken liver RNAs using a method based on arbitrarily primed reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of total RNAs. The method is similar to differential display, using one base anchored oligo-d(T) reverse-primers and 20-mer(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) variants with a nonsense mutation in the distal pre-C region have been detected in patients positive for anti-HBe, and the complete nucleotide sequence of one cloned pre-C variant has been determined. Transfection of this HBV variant clone into the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 resulted in the appearance of major HBV transcripts,(More)
BACKGROUND Starvation triggers a complex array of adaptative metabolic responses including energy-metabolic responses, a process which must imply tissue specific alterations in gene expression and in which the liver plays a central role. The present study aimed to describe the evolution of global gene expression profiles in liver of 4-week-old male chickens(More)