Christian Deshayes

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Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) circulates in mammals in lipoproteins and bound to serum albumin as a nonesterified fatty acid as well as esterified in lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC). 1-Lyso,2-DHA-glycerophosphocholine (GPC) is an unstable isomer because of a primary alcohol at the sn-1 position. To keep DHA at the sn-2 position of lysoPC, its usual position(More)
4-Hydroxy-nonenal (4-HNE) is a major by-product of n-6 fatty acid peroxidation. It has been described to covalently bind biomolecules expressing primary amine, especially the Lys residues in proteins. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are well-described macromolecules to be modified by 4-HNE, making them available to scavenger receptors on macrophages. Those(More)
Lipid oxidation is implicated in a wide range of pathophysiogical disorders, and leads to reactive compounds such as fatty aldehydes, of which the most well known is 4-hydroxy-2E-nonenal (4-HNE) issued from 15-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HpETE), an arachidonic acid (AA) product. In addition to 15-HpETE, 12(S)-HpETE is synthesized by(More)
A series of 22 novel synthetic N-acyl-homoserine lactone analogues has been evaluated for both their inducing activity and their ability to competitively inhibit the action of 3-oxo-hexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone, the natural inducer of bioluminescence in the bacterium Vibrio fischeri. In the newly synthesized analogues, the extremity of the acyl chain was(More)
A series of 11 new analogues of N-acylhomoserine lactones in which the carboxamide bond was replaced by a sulfonamide one, has been synthesised. These compounds were evaluated for their ability to competitively inhibit the action of 3-oxohexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone, the natural ligand of the quorum sensing transcriptional regulator LuxR, which in turn(More)
Several markers of lipid peroxidation are available with different degrees of specificity, from malondialdehyde as a global marker, to F(2)-isoprostane, which is specifically produced from arachidonic acid. Among these, 4-hydroxynonenal is recognized as a breakdown product of fatty acid hydroperoxides, such as 15-hydroperoxy-eicosatetraenoic acid and(More)
A series of 15 racemic alkyl- and aryl-N-substituted ureas, derived from homoserine lactone, were synthesized and tested for their ability to competitively inhibit the action of 3-oxohexanoyl-l-homoserine lactone, the natural inducer of bioluminescence in the bacterium Vibrio fischeri. N-alkyl ureas with an alkyl chain of at least 4 carbon atoms, as well as(More)
Hydroxy-alkenals, such as 4-hydroxy-2(E)-nonenal (4-HNE; from n-6 fatty acids), are degradation products of fatty acid hydroperoxides, including those generated by free radical attack of membrane polyunsaturated fatty acyl moieties. The cytotoxic effects of hydroxy-alkenals are well known and are mainly attributable to their interaction with different(More)
The pathways responsible for cell wall polysaccharide biosynthesis are vital in eukaryotic microorganisms. The corresponding synthases are potential targets of inhibitors such as fungicides. Despite their fundamental and economical importance, most polysaccharide synthases are not well characterized, and their molecular mechanisms are poorly understood.(More)
The growth in culture of methionine-dependent transformed cells of human, rat and mouse origin was arrested in the absence of L-methionine (Met) but took place in the presence of 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoic acid (MTOB), the keto acid of Met. From 24 hr after seeding, cells grew in 0.1 mM MTOB medium at a rate comparable to that in 0.1 mM Met medium. Using(More)