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Chromosomal abnormalities are thought to be a major contributor to the genetic risks of infertility treatment by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Apart from abnormalities arising de novo, abnormal karyotypes in pregnancies conceived through assisted reproductive technology may be directly derived from predisposing parental aberrations. In a(More)
STUDY QUESTION The 16th European IVF-monitoring (EIM) report presents the data of the treatments involving assisted reproductive technology (ART) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) initiated in Europe during 2012: are there any changes compared with previous years? SUMMARY ANSWER Despite some fluctuations in the number of countries reporting data, the(More)
BACKGROUND It is controversial whether the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) per se increases low-grade chronic inflammation and whether this relates to central fat excess. In addition, the association between circulating sex hormones and body fat distribution in premenopausal women is debated. METHODS Blood was drawn from 20 patients with PCOS and(More)
PURPOSE We sought to determine the usefulness of fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) carrier testing among young infertile women with or without signs of ovarian insufficiency as compared with fertile women. METHODS Three cohorts of women were recruited to determine the cytosine-guanine-guanine (CGG) repeats trinucleotide repeat length in the(More)
BACKGROUND The possible interference of assisted reproduction techniques (ART) with epigenetic reprogramming during early embryo development has recently sparked renewed interest about the reported lower birth weight among infants born as a consequence of infertility treatments. However, the latter finding so far has relied on the comparison of the birth(More)
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY The impact of assisted reproductive technology (ART) on Swiss demography was quantified. From 1993 to 2012 the number of deliveries, including multiples, generated by ART was compared with overall delivery numbers. Swiss experts in ART collaborated in a consensus to increase successful outcomes, to reduce the incidence of complications(More)
By GenBank database searches and PCR, we have identified a novel human Bcl2-like gene, Bcl2-L-10, which contains conserved BH4, BH1 and BH2 domains but lacks BH3 domain. The Bcl2-L-10 gene has been assigned to chromosome 15q21.2. Transfection experiments demonstrated that Bcl2-L-10 can block apoptosis induced by interleukin-3 withdrawal and Bax expression,(More)
Preliminary data have suggested that female infertility due to corpus luteum insufficiency may be caused by subclinical hypothyroidism [exaggerated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) response to thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation]. L-Thyroxine supplementation has been recommended to achieve pregnancies in subclinical hypothyroid women. This(More)
PURPOSE Our purpose was to demonstrate the feasibility of the routine aspiration of supernumerary follicles in infertile patients with imminent polyovulation after ovulation induction with gonadotropins and to examine its effect on the frequency of cycle cancellation and on the (multiple) pregnancy rate. METHODS The data on 796 treatment cycles, performed(More)
Purpose: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) including H2O2 produced by spermatozoa have been suggested, on one hand, to be associated with idiopathic male infertility and, on the other hand, to stimulate certain sperm function leading to fertilization. The influence of ROS on fertilization was investigated in 75 IVF patients by correlating fertilization rates(More)