Christian Davrinche

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Garlic organosulfur components exhibit antitumor activity, but the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects have not been well characterized. We showed that Z-ajoene, a sulfur-rich compound purified from garlic, induced time- and dose-dependent apoptosis in HL-60 cells. This process implied the activation of caspase-3 and the cleavage of the(More)
BACKGROUND Immune surveillance against microbes at sites of interface with environment involves immediate recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns by dendritic cells (DCs). According to their first-line position, DCs are key parameters for the establishment of an appropriate innate and adaptive response against pathogens to avoid disease(More)
The control of latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections by the immune system is poorly understood. We have previously shown that CD4+ T cells specific for the human CMV major regulatory protein IE1 are frequent in latently infected healthy blood donors. In order to learn about the possible role of these cells, we have developed IE1-specific CD4+ T-cell(More)
BACKGROUND Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) encodes microRNAs (miRNAs) that function as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression during lytic infection in permissive cells. Some miRNAs have been shown to suppress virus replication, which could help HCMV to establish or maintain latent infection. However, HCMV miRNA expression has not been(More)
Interactions between the immune system and skin bacteria are of major importance in the pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis (AD), yet our understanding of them is limited. From a cohort of very young AD children (1 to 3 years old), sensitized to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergens (Der p), we conducted culturomic analysis of skin microbiota, cutaneous(More)
Congenital infection by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a leading cause of permanent sequelae of the central nervous system, including sensorineural deafness, cerebral palsies or devastating neurodevelopmental abnormalities (0.1% of all births). To gain insight on the impact of HCMV on neuronal development, we used both neural stem cells from human(More)
Monocytes/macrophages are key cells in the pathogenesis of human CMV (HCMV) infection, but the in vitro rate of viral production in primary human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) is considerably lower than in fibroblasts. Considering that the NF-kappaB signaling pathway is potentially involved in the replication strategy of HCMV through efficient(More)
The outcome of a viral infection is the result of an endless fight between the organism whose task is to mount an antiviral response and the virus that adapts strategies to circumvent the host response. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a latent herpesvirus, can be considered as a spearhead in exploiting co-existence with the host to develop numerous(More)
We have previously shown that glycophorin A (GPA), inserted by electropulsation into the membrane of K562 cells, protected them from natural killer (NK) cell-mediated cytotoxicity and the unique N-linked oligosaccharide of GPA was essential for resistance to occur. The present study demonstrates that the protection level conferred by GPA is similar to the(More)
The non-classical major histocompatibility complex class I molecule HLA-G is expressed mainly by extravillous trophoblasts at the materno-foetal interface. HLA-G has been found to bind endogenously processed nonameric peptides but its function as a restriction element for a cytotoxic T cell response to viruses with tropism for trophoblastic cells has never(More)